Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Dracula - 964 Words

Rowatt 1 Paper # 2 Sexuality in Victorian Time ENGL 1101 JOHN BRIDGES September 30th, 2013 Rowatt 2 Innocence, chastity, purity, and married life are just a few things that made up the ‘image’ of the nineteenth century Victorian woman. During this time, it was greatly looked down upon if a woman chose to stay single, as she would be pitied and dubbed a â€Å"whore†. Lucy Westenra is one of the main characters in the novel, Dracula by Bram Stoker. Lucy is a beautiful young lady whose innocence and virtuous being draws three suitors to her. Although, this portrayed innocence is not the only thing that is drawing these men towards her. Lucy has a sexual appeal to her personality, much different than her best†¦show more content†¦Lucy is fully aware that she is desired by many men and she lets that get into her head, essentially she is feeding off the attention. This vulnerability and openness is why Lucy Westenra is Count Dracula’s first and easiest target. The first time the Count starts to get into Lucy’s head is after her and Min a see the wrecked boat upon shore, containing the containers of dirt. These were Dracula’s sleeping quarters. This fact was not known by the women at the time, but soon after this event is when Lucy starts to sleep walk. This sleep walking is not a coincidence but is psychologically connected to her sinful desires of lustfulness. Count Dracula only has the power the attack willing victims, which could only mean Lucy knew in her subconscious what she was doing by going out to the cemetery at nights. This spell Dracula puts on Lucy is the same spell he put on the three women who now life in Dracula Castle with him. These women were just as innocent and virtuous as Lucy was and are now sex crazed and evil just as the Count is. This â€Å"spell† was a way to undermine women so that Dracula would feel powerful and controlling over them. In essence, Lucy Westenra was a seemingly virtuous nineteenth century Victorian woman who actually had underlying sexual desires. These des ires made Lucy vulnerable to Count Dracula, who was consumed with gaining control over his victims. Because of her lustful manor, Lucy wasShow MoreRelatedDracula, Gothic And Epistolary Novels Of Dracula And Bram Stokers Dracula1357 Words   |  6 Pagesinformation and old European folktales to create famous Gothic novels like Dracula; Before writing Dracula, he studied for eight years stories of vampires. The title of Stoker’s story has historical significance to Vlad Dracul the 3rd, a Wallachian ruler who impaled his victims on stakes. Bram Stoker also was influenced by his lifetime, before the publication of Dracula, Gothic and Epistolary novels were on the rise hence why Dracula is classified as both. Stoker’s life as a Victorian can be seen in hisRead MoreDracula853 Words   |  4 Pagesmade people fear them by terrifying his reader’s with his persona Dracula. The Count has been known to be a very complex character with many odd quirks and traits. Nowadays these have been changed or kept by our new generation of authors to fit different types of bloodsuckers, but Dracula has been the starting point for all. All vampires have the craving for the blood of humans. Without this blood they could not survive. In Dracula multiple vampires drank human blood, and one was even using childrenRead MoreDracula And Dracula Essay1760 Words   |  8 PagesCPT Formal Essay Dracula: Lucy, Mina, and the Similarities Differences Between Them Dracula, a novel which had originally been written by Bram Stoker in 1897, is commonly classified as a ‘horror novel’ by the majority of its readers. However, when putting the novel through further analysis, the various symbols and themes of sexuality which the novel contains are brought to the notice of its readers, despite them being easily overlooked by their readers the first time the novel might be readRead MoreComparison Between Dracula And Dracula1108 Words   |  5 PagesDracula is one of the first famous vampire books. Although it is famous for its time, modern day vampire stories have produced some of the bestselling TV shows, books, and movies. Dracula laid the foundation down for these modern day stories to rise to popularity. If you have read Dracula and seen one of these new stories, then you can see a lot of similarities in both stories. These modern day stories share many traits as the book Dracula, but most of the stories have their differences. Th isRead More Comparison of Dracula and Bram Stokers Dracula Essay1462 Words   |  6 PagesCompare/Contrast Dracula and Bram Stokers Dracula A noticeable difference in the way movies have changed over the years is evident when comparing and contrasting two films of different eras which belong to the same genre and contain the same subject matter. Two vampire movies, Dracula and Bram Stokers Dracula, present an interesting example of this type of study. Comparing the 1931 version of Dracula, starring Bela Lugosi, with Frances Ford Coppolas Bram Stokers Dracula 1993 version yieldsRead Moredracula1785 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿Eun-Ah Lee Professor L. Tromly ENGL 1200 A01 5 April 2013 The Effect of Supernatural Aspects on the Victorian Society Bram Stoker s Dracula, presents an interesting perspective on death and illness in the Victorian period. This can be viewed as a creativity on Stoker s part, or as a form of religious or social commentary on his changing era. There are several flaws presented throughout the novel as the plot unfolds, which are: characters in the novel dismiss the old traditional belief ofRead MoreEssay on Dracula and Women in Bram Stokers Dracula1802 Words   |  8 PagesBram Stoker wrote the infamous novel, Dracula. This novel was composed in the style of letters, journal entries, newspaper articles and telegrams in order to convey to the reader a realistic story. The story of Dracula is about an ancient vampire who moves to London from his native country of Transylvania. In London, Dracula seduces and bites a young woman by the name of Lucy Westenra. When Lucy falls sick, no one knows how to help her because while Dracula has bitten her many times she has alwaysRead MoreViolence in Dracula12 77 Words   |  6 Pagestypes of literature, violence exists to enhance the reader s interest in order to add a sense of excitement or conflict to a novel. This statement withholds much truthfulness due to the fact that without violence in a piece of literature such as Dracula by Bram Stoker, the plot would not have the same impact if it were lacking violence. So to holds true to that of the movie. The movie bares different characteristics then that of the book. First off, the whole ordeal with the wolf escaping and jumpingRead More Dracula Essay1456 Words   |  6 Pages Bram Stoker’s Dracula Lords of the darkness, Darkling Dancers, Nosferatu, Vrikolakas. And the list goes on like this. The vampire concept is thought by the most to be a myth that has crept into almost every culture. It has influenced many writers to write novels on them and many directors to shoot films on. Vampire myths go back way into the times of first recorded history. Many different legends are known about them varying from the Chinese belief of the glowing red eyed monsters with green orRead MoreCarmilla and Dracula1362 Words   |  6 Pagestwo gothic tales ‘Carmilla’ and ‘Dracula’ in relation to cultural contexts in which they exist as being presented to the reader through the gender behaviour and sexuality that is portrayed through the texts. Vampire stories always seem to involve some aspect of sexuality and power. Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu wrote Carmilla. It was first published in 1872 as part of the collection of short stories titles ‘In a Glass Darkly.’ Carmilla predates the publishing of Dracula by 25 years. Laura, who is also

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

The Rights Of The United States - 1505 Words

Introduction: Citizenship is a what connect us all Americans not bounded by individuals’ race or religion. However, this is not an exception to forget the responsibilities and rights given to every individual. Throughout generations, The United States have welcomed new immigrants from all over the world and they have helped shape and define the country what we see today. All American citizens share equal rights which are right to vote, prompt, worship, be employed, and much more. The principal of â€Å"due process of law† protects these rights for all Americans, established through the Fifth and Fourteenth Constitution Amendments. In other words, by the constitution, every individual citizen has the freedom to pursue â€Å"life, liberty, and the†¦show more content†¦The responsibilities include one’s respect, cooperation and participation with members and towards the community. Even children’s have the right to general need such as food, safe hom e, and clothing. Their guardians or parents are responsible to provide the necessary care and need for the children. However, most prominently citizenship today requires people knowing of public problems and acting together to solve the problems. Volunteering to help the community illustrates a lead participation within the community. This means taking role to join cleaning up the environment, visiting hospitals or nursing homes and share joy and love with them simply through communication. Moreover, volunteering can be intending of fighting a wrong in the community purpose for the common good. In other words, forming a group alliances and building up the strength to stand up against injustices. There are many instances throughout American history such as abolition of slavery, the women’s suffrage, civil rights movement, environment movement, public education and much more. By working together, we learn respect, honor, and responsibilities of rights. The benefit of at the mo st by encouraging the people in our community to participate would result in a better chance of more participation than not doing anything. Children or adults in a schools or institutes can join cleaning events, volunteering

Monday, December 9, 2019

Movie Summary Do the Right Thing Essay Example For Students

Movie Summary Do the Right Thing Essay One of the interesting conflicts in â€Å"Do the Right Thing† is Bugging Outs demand to put â€Å"brothers on the wall. † Bugging Out complains to Sal that there is no African Americans on Sal’s â€Å"Wall of Fame. † Sal, as the owner of the shop, gives out a racial response â€Å"American Italians only. † This certain conflict of having â€Å"brothers on the wall† presents the larger issue of black Americans who aren’t recognized for their notable achievements. Bugging Out and Sal’s actions suggest the double consciousness that W. E. B Du Bois ascribes in The Souls of Black Folk, as â€Å"two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body(Du Bois) and in which McKelly describes it as â€Å"an effect of the contradictory positioning of African-American culture within the dominant social order of â€Å"white Americanism(Mckelly). I think that these two â€Å"thoughts† are seen throughout the conflict of â€Å"brothers on the wall† between Sal and Bugging Out. As Bugging Out demands African Americans to be put on the wall, Sal becomes the dominant social order; being the owner of the restaurant that maintains its economic firmness from the black customers in the neighborhood. Bugging Out’s â€Å"brothers on the wall† and Sal’s American Italian â€Å"Wall of Fame† represent McKelly’s â€Å"double consciousness. Du Bois’ view of double consciousness does not entirely match with these two characters because he ascribes it as â€Å"two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body(Du Bois) That â€Å"One Dark Body† refers to these two ideals in one African American, however, here we do not see it in a single body; we see it in Sal and Bugging Out who have two opposing thoughts. In other words, Du Bois’ â €Å"double consciousness â€Å"is integrated in Sal and Bugging Out, just not entirely. On the other hand, McKelly’s â€Å"double consciousness† makes it clear that Bugging Out and Sal have opposing views. Bugging Out who wants African Americans to be recognized for their notable achievements and Sal who does not. During the scene of the conflict of â€Å"brothers on the wall,† Bugging Out says, â€Å"people are free to do whatever the hell they want to do (DTRT). Sal responds, â€Å"Free! Theres no free here! Im the boss† (DTRT). I think that in this scene Bugging Out represents the black leaders who are not recognized. Sal gives Bugging Out no choice but to leave without achieving his goal of having â€Å"brothers on the wall. † Bugging Out lost his recognition inside a â€Å"white† pizzeria. Here, Sal is presented as the â€Å"dominant social order of white Americanism† (McKelly). Bugging Out’s demands of â€Å"brothers on the wall† get him nowhere because he is not the owner of the Pizzeria. As movie critic Roger Ebert states, â€Å"We see no black owned businesses on the street economic discrimination against blacks has been institutionalized for years in America† (Ebert). This statement connects directly with Bugging Outs and Sal’s double consciousness presented in the conflict with having African Americans on the wall. It demonstrates the racial conflict between â€Å"two thoughts, two souls. † These â€Å"two souls† are Bugging Out representing the black leaders who aren’t recognized and Sal representing â€Å"white Americanism. † There is no black owned businesses, only an Italian pizzeria and a Korean grocery store. This is an example of McKelly’s â€Å"double consciousness,† â€Å"the contradictory positioning of African American within white Americanism† (McKelly). This contradictory positioning is seen with Bugging Out and Sal. And at a larger scale with the black neighborhood and Sal’s Pizzeria. .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a , .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .postImageUrl , .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a , .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a:hover , .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a:visited , .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a:active { border:0!important; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a:active , .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .udc8e1cb3fb2a5a45f503a89530fabf8a:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Documentary - A Time For Burning EssayDuring the scene of the conflict of â€Å"brothers on the wall,† Sal says, â€Å"you want brothers on the wall, get your own place† (DTRT). I believe that in this scene Spike Lee wanted to give a message showing us that it wasn’t just about Bugging Out demanding recognition for his black â€Å"brothers†; He wanted to show us how bad the economic situation for the black neighborhood was. Their economic position doesn’t allow them to have a place of their own. Without a place of their own there can be no recognition for their black leaders. Bugging Out has the value of leadership in the sense that he doesn’t hold back when offended, however, he doesn’t seem to have the â€Å"looks† to become one. â€Å"In one scene, Bugging Out goes around the neighborhood asking people who want to join his boycott against Sal’s Pizzeria. The people around the neighborhood are Bugging Outs friend, but they don’t support him in the boycott† (DTRT). Bugging Outs actions are those of a leader. He doesn’t give up after all the negative responses. This leadership and rejection represents the message given in the conflict of â€Å"brothers on the wall. Bugging Out isn’t being recognized despite all of the notable actions he is doing. I support Bugging Outs actions. He wants to boycott a place that people have become fond to. This is why people don’t support him. Sal is a good person to the neighborhood, but he is receiving all the income from the black people. The black neighborhood doesn’t excel in income. Bugging Outs actions might suggest that bringing down Sal’s will help his â€Å"brothers† to be recognized. Bugging Out seems to be a person that likes to be recognized among his people. He wants to be recognized for boycotting a â€Å"white† place (Sal’s Pizzeria) that is growing financially from the black neighborhood. His black friends seem to be too stupid to realize that, but Bugging Out knows that he has to do something for his people. The conflict of â€Å"brothers on the wall† give Sal an ambiguous personality. Sal is in constant conflict with two sides. Sal says that his business has grown thanks to the black neighborhood, yet he doesn’t give them recognition in his â€Å"Wall of fame†. His son Pino and Jade are examples of his conflict with his two sides. Pino tries to remind him what they are and where they are supposed to be and Jade pulls him back to the start. She reminds him that Sal’s Pizzeria is where he has to be. As movie critic Roger Ebert states, â€Å"Sal is sincere when he says he likes his customers, and he holds his head in his hands when Pino calls them â€Å"niggers† and berates a simpleminded street person. But in his rage Sal is also capable of using â€Å"nigger† (Ebert). This ambiguity give us two ways to interpret his actions. It is a representation of the â€Å"double consciousness† presented by Du Bois. In one scene, Sal tells Pino that he has seen the kids grow in the neighborhood with his food and which is something he is very proud of I haven’t had any trouble with these people,† and in the scene with Radio Raheem he calls him a â€Å"Nigger† (DTRT). Sal thinks that doing the right thing is to stay in the neighborhood that has given his business life. But the double consciousness is what destroys him in the end. He explodes and calls Radio Raheem a nigger. This is followed by the destruction of his business. His purpose of life to run his business gets destroyed. At its core, Sal and Bugging Out define McKelly’s â€Å"double consciousness† throughout the conflict of having â€Å"brothers on the wall. † Do the Right Thing doesn’t necessarily present Bugging Out and Sal as a hero or villain. It just present us their actions to show us the truth about the racial conflict between the black neighborhood and â€Å"white Americanism. † I think that Bugging Out and Sal where characters that presented the clearest example of the problems African Americans faced despite their notable actions. Here Bugging Out representing the black leaders and Sal representing the problem. .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 , .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .postImageUrl , .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 , .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85:hover , .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85:visited , .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85:active { border:0!important; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85:active , .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85 .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ue3861f6f073a14cac53b413a362d5a85:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The film jaws EssayBibliography: Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. Chicago: McClurg, 1903. Web. Do the Right Thing. Dir. Spike Lee. Forty Acres and a Mule Filmworks, 1988. Film. Ebert, Roger. Do the Right Thing Movie Review (1989). Web. 26 Oct. 2014. McKelly, James C. The Double Truth, Ruth: Do the Right Thing and the Culture of Ambiguity. (1988). Web.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Underwater People free essay sample

I have yet to find one person who has heard of the best band from Boulder, Colorado known as The Samples. It is very disheartening for me to realize not too many people have experienced the unbelievable sound and style characterized by this group. I hope to remedy this unfortunate situation with this review. I tripped across The Samples newest album, Underwater People in my local music stores Jazz section. Wait! Dont stop reading, let me explain. Obviously they did not know where to put a band with so much talent. They probably had never heard music quite as good as The Samples and because of this they had no idea where it belonged. I think the band deserves a section all to itself, especially now that they have three albums. (I think I would be hard-pressed to find a music store that agreed with me, however true this statement might be. We will write a custom essay sample on Underwater People or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page ) The Samples consist of four unbelievably skilled musicians: Sean on guitar and vocals; Al Laughlin on keyboards and vocal; Jeep on drums and percussion and Andy S. on bass and vocals. Their latest album is a compilation of eight songs, four new and four taken from their previous two albums. Branford Marsalis adds an excellent dimension with his guest appearance, as does Charles Hambleton with his guitar in two different songs. I cannot come up with adequate words to describe this band. They are like no other band. They and their songs are full of contagious energy. I guarantee that anyone who dares to track down The Samples will love their music as much as I do. n

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Needs and risk assessment of physical disabilities Essays

Needs and risk assessment of physical disabilities Essays Needs and risk assessment of physical disabilities Essay Needs and risk assessment of physical disabilities Essay Brief 188020 Title: Analyse the procedure, methods and ethical quandary involved in set abouting a demands and hazard appraisal in a instance of physical disablements. Case Study ( from Aust 1996 ) Emma and Anne who are both in their early mid-twentiess have known each other for many old ages, holding met through a twenty-four hours Centre for people with physical disablements. As a consequence of a head hurt, Emma can non walk at all and uses a wheelchair. Anne has intellectual paralysis and besides uses a wheelchair. The misss have decided that they now want to populate together, but their parents are objecting to this thought stating that they would be excessively vulnerable in the community. Anne’s parents besides consider Emma to be too dominant and manipulative’ sing their ain girl. ( Aust 1996: 178 ) The instance presents the societal worker who is to transport out a hazard appraisal with a overplus of jobs. The essay will sketch the values, general ethical theories and the assorted theoretical accounts that can be utilised when measuring hazards for Emma and Anne’s move. It will besides reexamine the model for hazard appraisal that is available to societal workers and measure its utility in making a feasible solution to the aspirations of Emma and Anne to populate independently. Although it may non strike an perceiver as an ethical quandary at first, the legion facets involved in the determination devising procedure necessitate any societal worker to weigh the benefits and disadvantages of alternate classs of actions non merely for the two immature adult females but besides for any other involved party such as carers and so the societal worker herself ( Carson 1996 ) . This exercising of measuring benefits across those who are involved in the procedure of attention for Em ma and Anne in the past and in the hereafter under new fortunes needs to pull on ethical norms and constructs. The essay will undertake the assorted facets in bend and will chalk out a possible solution to the job every bit far as the fortunes that must necessarily act upon any determination are known in this instance. Risk appraisal has undergone a extremist transmutation over the last decennary in England and Wales ( Garrett 2003 ) . While ethical theories still play a more fringy function in concrete determination devising procedures in societal work, the work of practicians is to a great extent influenced by new theoretical accounts of appraisal, altering values and bureau processs. Although many local governments strive to formalize and standardize the procedure of hazard appraisal for their societal workers, there is merely loose and general counsel available from national administrations ( HSE 2002 ; Carson 1996: 11 ; with the exclusion of kid appraisal for which the UK authorities has provided a close compulsory appraisal model, californium. Garrett 2003 ) . Consequently the burden of measuring bing and possible hazards to persons is placed on societal workers who need to be equipped with robust theoretical accounts of appraisal in order to get at valid and sensible determinations. Additionally, although the Centre of determination devising is easy switching to service users, authorization of clients must stay a distant possibility if sufficient resources are non made available to ease the determinations taken by users and societal workers. Social workers are therefore put in a place in which they have beliing truenesss ; on one manus to place that class of action that is of most benefit to the service user ( BASW 1985 ; GSCC 2002 ) , on the other manus, to administer existing resources in the fairest manner across those entitled to have resources. The literature identifies several values that inform societal service hazard appraisal and societal work in general in the UK ( Banks 2006 ; Beckett 2005 ) . Social workers must endeavor to protect the self-respect of service users, heighten the possibility for self-government and recognize the worth of any person in their battle with clients ( BASW 1985 ; GSCC 2002 ) . While the more general thoughts that underlie societal work are frequently identified as societal justness in the wider social context, theoreticians frequently point out that specific norms such as forestalling favoritism on evidences of physical or learning disablement every bit good as societal inclusion and equity in administering existing resources and supplying entree to them flux logically from the more abstract impression of persons entitled to esteem and equal intervention. Additionally, some argue that continuing the unity of societal work professional is besides a basic value that should regulate societal w ork pattern, something that has found its manner into the assorted codifications of pattern in the UK ( BASW 1985 ; GSCC 2002 ) . Three sets of theories are seen as relevant to a more profound apprehension of the nature of societal work. Banks identifies principle based ethical theories, such as deontological ( Kantian ) and useful moralss, aboard virtue moralss and extremist theory. There has been ample argument about whether or non codifications of moralss reflect anything close to valid ethical theories. Banks ( 2003 ) argues that ethical codifications are really much the result of schemes of professions to circumference a sphere of duty accessible merely to practicians of the peculiar profession. They are vehicles of procuring position and privilege for societal workers and legalizing the liberty of the profession as a whole from external regulative intervention ( Banks 2003: 139 and 142 ) . International comparings reveal that professional codifications vary widely in length, content and signifier. Consequently they are capable to reviews from different angles. A cardinal unfavorable judgment nevertheless seems to use to about all codifications of moralss and that is that they often fail to carry through their chief map to steer societal workers in their professional pattern ( Banks 2003: 140 ) . Codes of moralss tend to be idealistic insofar as they formula te abstract moral rules as the foundation of societal work. If professional codifications are elevated to regulative position, violation of these rules might take to disciplinary action, an absurd scenario since the application of moral rules in concrete instances is unfastened to debate and reading ( Banks 2003: 141-142 ) . More significantly, Garrett ( 2003 ) argues that elaborate appraisal models carry through a political function and should be seen in the UK as portion of the wider New Labour scheme for cut downing unfairnesss in society. While this may look commendable, the merely elaborate appraisal model that Tony Blair’s authorities introduced carries deep paternalistic deductions and its societal inclusion rhetoric disguises the fact that the bordering scheme of New Labour’s economic repertory remains †¦essentially the neo-liberal one’ ( Garrett 2003: 451 ) . The instruments of societal alteration every bit remain conventional and undisputed. Garrett points out that New Labour envisages waged work as the chief tool for societal inclusion, thereby blatantly cut downing the complexnesss of societal justness and inclusion to material well-being ( Garrett 2003: 449 ) . He criticizes the late implemented kid appraisal model as excessively reliant on graduated tables, while still neglecting to supply a clear grounds base for opinions and recommendations’ ( Garrett 2003: 453 ) . Assessment frameworks hence may merely neglect to promote brooding and critical pattern of societal workers and overemphasise attachment to governmental ordinances and processs. Since societal work pattern is fatally wedded to a New Labour vision of society-government relationship in which the authorities knows best, assessment models can at best be vehicle for paternalistic supervising of parents and kids ( Garrett 2003: 447 ) . Previously to the challenge of the established theoretical account, the impression of hazard was defined as the possible to do injury to the service user or any others in the populace or the private sphere ( Carson 1996: 9 ) . The important difference between the more advanced impression of hazard and the older theoretical account of hazard appraisal is that hazard is today defined in a broader manner and relates to the quality of life of handicapped people ( Ross 1996 ) . Consequently, societal workers are tasked to see hazard that are unnecessarily placed on handicapped people which may take to societal exclusion and unacceptable low degrees of societal battle ( Parker 2003: 13 ) . This has resulted in a extremist re-formulation of the demands of handicapped people in society. Hazard now carries positive every bit good as negative intensions and may take to both good and harmful results ( Ross 1996: 81 ) . Social workers are urged to take both sides into history in their appraisal. In the given instance, the societal worker would hold to weigh the benefits for Emma and Anne by populating independently against the hazard that may be present in the event that necessary support may non be available at certain times in their level. Social workers therefore need to gauge the probability and size of known possible results that result from interaction of known and unknown factors’ ( Ross 1996: 82 ) . In this new strategy of things, hazard is a state of affairs where a individual is exposed to chances, jeopardies, and dangers’ ( Ross 1996: 82 ) Since one desired facet of hazard appraisal is non merely to guarantee that clients are consulted but actively take part in the determination devising procedure, any societal worker who carries out hazard appraisal must besides see who bears duties in instance things go incorrect ( Carson 1996 ) . If for illustration, Emma and Anne would disregard the indicant by the societal worker that there are no sufficient resources to vouch uninterrupted round the clock support in their new level, the societal worker must explicate to them that this may present an incalculable hazard to their well being. In the terminal the societal worker must guarantee that they arrive at a determination that balances their demands for independent life with those of the assorted stakeholders in the procedure. There are foremost the parents and carers of both Emma and Anne whose concerns must be heard and considered. By the same item, the societal worker would hold a duty to weigh these concerns against the possible involvements of the carers to forestall Emma and Anne from populating independently, non because it is non in their best involvement, but because it may non function themselves and their established fiscal and familial agreements. In a study of assessment pattern in societal work and determination devising processs, Holland has pointed out that since appraisal by practicians relies to a great extent on verbal interaction, those clients who manage to set up a relationship with societal workers that purports to rest on shared values predisposes determination shapers favorably towards the carers. On the other manus, those carers who do non go on to hold a sufficient articulacy, do non show equal co-operation with the societal worker or fail to offer an agreed plausible account for the household state of affairs do non win in household re-unification or other aims ( Holland 2000 ) . The nucleus standard for a positive appraisal appears to be the willingness of carers to accept in an articulate and convincing manner the position of the societal worker on past events and current fortunes of the household ( Holland 2000: 158-159 ) . Access to resources or the power to do determinations that affect households may therefore easy interpret into coercive relationships between societal workers and households, while the latter are compelled to acknowledge the societal worker’s reading of the family’s state of affairs as the lone valid 1 ( Holland 2000 ) . Calder outlines the assorted phases of hazard appraisal ( in kid attention contexts ) and distinguishes between the hypothesis on possibilities, information assemblage, information testing, determination devising and rating of this determination. But even with this elaborate step-by-step algorithm ( similar in Milner 2002: 62-63 ) , while it is possible to measure single hazards, it remains vague how societal workers are supposed to weigh hazards against each other ( Calder 1996: 35 ) . This is where societal doctrines are coming into drama. Social workers may moderately trust on their intuition sing the differing weight that they may desire to tie in with different hazards. Such a quandary may tend societal workers towards the original theoretical account of hazard appraisal one time once more, where impressions of single physical or emotional injury predominate the appraising procedure. Emma and Anne’s proposal for independent life may be rejected on these evidences. Inciden tally, Emma and Anne may besides be denied the want to travel into a level merely because non sufficient resources can be found to back up them at that place, and while this is a frequent external restraint it emerges in the hazard appraisal scheme as a legitimate ground to forestall Emma and Anne’s wants. Scarce resources therefore may forestall societal workers from traveling to a more balanced and advanced theoretical account of hazard appraisal as lineation earlier and forces them to return back to the original impression of hazard that was found wanting by protagonism groups and handicapped people themselves. In add-on societal workers may be confronted with a important deficiency of fit’ between their assessment recommendations and the existent opportunities of seeing this through by using bing collaborative webs between bureaus. Unless more resources are made available it is hard to see that the new theoretical account of hazard can meaningfully be implemented across societal service appraisals. Ross argues that societal workers should ideally use an exchange theoretical account of appraisal which assumes that the worker has expertise in job work outing [ while ] the user has expertise about the problem’ ( Ross 1996: 88 ) . Yet, any such sophisticated theoretical accounts of appraisal must be considered against the background of practical restraints such as budgetary restrictions, which may frequently annul assessment results and recommendations by societal workers. Mentions Aust, A. , Hazel Kemshall, Jane Lawson e.a. ( 1996 ) . Using Hazard in Practice: Case Studies and Training Material.Good Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management. H. Kemshall and J. Pritchard. London and Bristol, Pennsylvania, Jessica Kingsley: 176-197. BASW ( 1985 ) . A Code of Ethics for Social Work, British Association of Social Workers ( BASW ) . Banks, S. ( 2003 ) . From oaths to rulebooks: a critical scrutiny of codifications of moralss for the societal professions.European Journal of Social Work. Vol. 6, No. 2, 133-144. Banks, S. ( 2006 ) .Ethical motives and Valuess in Social Work. London, Palgrave. Beckett, C. and Maynard, A. ( 2005 ) .Valuess and Ethical motives in Social Work. An Introduction. London Thousand Oaks New Delhi, Sage. Calder, M. C. ( 2003 ) . The Assessment Model: A Critique and Reformulation.Appraisal in Child Care. Using and Developing Frameworks for Practice. M. C. Calder and S. Hackett. Dorset, Russell House Publication: 3-60. Carson, D. ( 1996 ) . Risking Legal Repercussions.Good Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management. H. Kemshall and J. Pritchard. London and Bristol, Pennsylvania, Jessica Kingsley: 3-12. Garrett, P.M. ( 2003 ) . Swiming with Dolphinfishs: The Assessment Framework, New Labour and New Tools for Social Work with Children and Families.British Journal of Social Work. 33, 441-463. GSCC ( 2002 ) . Code of Practice for Social Care Workers and Code of Practice for Employers of Social Care Workers. General Social Care Council. ( available at ) Hackett, M. C. Calder and S. Hackett, Eds. ( 2003 ) .Appraisal in Child Care. Using and Developing Frameworks for Practice. Dorset, Russell House Publishing. Holland, S. ( 2000 ) . The Assessment Relationship: Interactions between Social Workers and Parents in Child Protection Assessments.British Journal of Social Work. 30, 149-163. HSE ( 2002 ) . Five Stairss to Risk Assessment. Health and Safety Executive ( available at ) Kemshall, H. and Pritchard, J. , Eds. ( 1996 ) .Good Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management. London and Bristol, Pennsylvania, Jessica Kingsley. Milner, J. and Patrick O’Byrne ( 2002 ) . Appraisal in Social Work. Second Edition. Basingstoke, Palgrave. Parker, J. and Bradley, G. ( 2003 ) . Social Work Practice: Appraisal, Planning, Intervention and Review. Exeter, Learning Matters. Waterson, L. R. a. J. ( 1996 ) . Hazard for Whom? Social Work and Peoples with Physical Disabilities.Good Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management. Edited by H. Kemshall and J. Pritchard. London and Bristol, Pennsylvania, Jessica Kingsley Publishers: 80-92.

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Yellowfin Tuna Facts (Thunnus albacares)

Yellowfin Tuna Facts (Thunnus albacares) The yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is a large, swift fish that is known for its beautiful colors, graceful motion, and use in cooking as ahi and Hawaiian poke. The species name albacares means white meat. While the yellowfin tuna is the albacore tuna in France and Portugal, albacore is the name given to the longfin tuna (Thunnus alalunga) in other countries. Fast Facts: Yellowfin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus albacaresCommon Names: Yellowfin tuna, ahiBasic Animal Group: FishSize: 6 feetWeight: 400 poundsLifespan: 8 yearsDiet: CarnivoreHabitat: Worldwide in temperature and tropical waters (except the Mediterranean)Population: DecliningConservation Status: Near Threatened Description The yellowfin tuna gets its name for its yellow sickle-shaped tail, dorsal and anal fins, and finlets. The torpedo-shaped fish may be dark blue, black, or green on top with a silver or yellow belly. Broken vertical lines and a golden stripe on the side distinguish the yellowfin from other species of tuna. The yellowfin is a large tuna. Adults may reach 6 feet in length and weigh 400 pounds. The International Game Fish Association (IGFA) record for a yellowfin is 388 pounds for a fish caught off Baja California in Mexico, but there is a pending claim for a 425-pound catch, also caught off Baja. The yellowfin tuna has a sickle-shaped yellow tail and yellow finlets. Tigeryan / Getty Images Habitat and Range Yellowfin tuna live in all tropical and subtropical oceans except for the Mediterranean. They are usually found in water ranging from 59 ° to 88 ° F. The species is epipelagic, preferring deep offshore water above the thermocline in the top 330 feet of the sea. However, the fish can dive to depths of at least 3800 feet. Yellowfin tuna are migratory fish that travel in schools. Movement depends on water temperature and food availability. The fish travel with other animals of a similar size, including manta rays, dolphins, skipjack tuna, whale sharks, and whales. They commonly aggregate under flotsam or moving vessels. Diet and Behavior Yellowfin fry are zooplankton that feed on other zooplankton. As they grow, the fish eat food whenever it is available, only swimming more slowly when satiated. Adults feed on other fish (including other tuna), squid, and crustaceans. Tuna hunt by sight, so they tend to feed during daylight hours. Yellowfin tuna can swim up to 50 miles per hour, so they can capture fast-moving prey. The yellowfin tunas speed is due partly to its body shape, but mainly because yellowfin tuna (unlike most fish) are warm-blooded. In fact, a tunas metabolism is so high the fish must constantly swim forward with its mouth open to maintain sufficient oxygenation. While fry and juvenile tuna are preyed upon by most predators, adults are sufficiently large and quick to escape most predators. Adults may be eaten by marlin, toothed whales, mako sharks, and great white sharks. Reproduction and Offspring Yellowfin tuna spawn throughout the year, but peak spawning occurs during the summer months. After mating, the fish release eggs and sperm into the surface water simultaneously for external fertilization. A female can spawn almost daily, releasing millions of eggs each time and up to ten million eggs per season. However, very few fertilized eggs reach maturity. Newly-hatched fry are nearly-microscopic zooplankton. Those that arent eaten by other animals grow quickly and reach maturity within two to three years. A yellowfin tunas life expectancy is about 8 years. Conservation Status The IUCN classified the conservation status of the yellowfin tuna as near threatened, with a declining population. The survival of the species is important to the oceanic food chain because the yellowfin is a top predator. While its impossible to measure the number of yellowfin tuna directly, researchers have recorded significant drops in catch sizes that indicate diminished population. Fishery sustainability varies dramatically from one location to another, however, so the fish is not threatened throughout its entire range. Overfishing is most significant in the Eastern Pacific and Indian Ocean. Overfishing is the main threat to this species survival, but there are other problems. Other risks include plastic pollution in the oceans, increasing predation of young, and decreasing availability of prey. Yellow Fin Tuna and Humans Yellowfin is highly valued for sport fishing and commercial fishing. It is the primary species of tuna used for canning in the United States. Most commercial fisheries use the purse seine method of fishing in which a vessel encloses a surface school within a net. Longline fishing targets deep-swimming tuna. Because tuna school with other animals, both methods carry significant risk of bycatch of dolphins, sea turtles, billfish, seabirds, and pelagic sharks. Fishermen seeking to reduce bycatch use streamers to scare away birds and select bait and locations to minimize the chance of fishing mixed schools. A purse seine encloses a school of fish within a net. Dado Daniela / Getty Images Sources Collette, B.; Acero, A.; Amorim, A.F.; et al. (2011). Thunnus albacares. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T21857A9327139. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T21857A9327139.enCollette, B.B. (2010). Reproduction and Development in Epipelagic Fishes. In: Cole, K.S. (ed.), Reproduction and sexuality in marine fishes: patterns and processes, pp. 21-63. University of California Press, Berkeley.Joseph, J. (2009). Status of the world fisheries for tuna.  International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF).Schaefer, K.M. (1998). Reproductive biology of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the eastern Pacific Ocean.  Bulletin of the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission  21: 201-272.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Public health policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Public health policy - Essay Example Insufficient sleep, untimely eating and excessive use of sugar-contained drinks and alcohols trigger obesity. Similarly, junk food and soft drinks, which are highly rich in sugar, are also increasing the number of obese persons in the United Kingdom. Boseley (2014) points out that more than 70 per cent of adults are either overweight or obese in England. In other words, the overweight are those who are more prone and vulnerable to obesity if they continue with the same style of eating habit and living style. Cancer, diabetes and heart diseases are the main potentials effects of obesity (Boseley, 2014a). Boseley (2014a) further explains that the causes of cancer, which include obesity, alcohol abuse and sugar intake, will increase the cancer cases which could reach 25 million a year over the period of next 20 years as warned by the World Health Organisation. Moreover, the cases of diabetes and heart diseases will also increase as many adults do not give much consideration to their health and related issues as well. Aggregately, their rise will put more burden on the United Kingdom’s health index and health expenditure as more and more patients will register their case and take essential medical care and treatment from the primary health care units and other health venues. Obesity and weight gain are closely linked with psychological ill health (Ternouth et al., 2009). Healthy body and mind are highly essential for performing routine personal, social and professional activities and these activities are only effectively performed if mind properly regulates the supply of energy and other food requirements of different body parts and at the same time maintains psychological balance by avoiding any disorder. However, recent food eating habits and modern lifestyle prompt obesity and weight gain which create problems for mind and also severely affect the psychological balance. This graph clearly demonstrates the growing level of obese

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Topic Developement 3 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Topic Developement 3 - Essay Example Therefore, this study will attempt to answer the following questions: i. What is the legal definition of bankruptcy and what are the causes and consequences of bankruptcy? ii. What are the various forms of bankruptcy and what are the legal procedures applicable in declaring a company bankrupt? iii. What is the chronological evolution of bankruptcy in the USA? iv. What are the tendencies and signs pointing to bankruptcy of a company and what are the technical financial details of bankruptcy? v. How can bankruptcy be mitigated and what is the role played by other disciplines such as psychology and management in mitigating the effects of bankruptcy? Through answering these questions, it will be possible to thoroughly cover the concept of bankruptcy, right from its evolution to the current state, highlighting the tendencies and the signs indicating that a company is headed for bankruptcy, as well as addressing how the state of bankruptcy can be mitigated. Additionally, the role of certai n disciplines in addressing bankruptcy will be evaluated, to create an understanding of the interrelationships between various disciplines. This study will take the form of qualitative research design, where the historical background of bankruptcy will be analyzed, with a view to understanding the chronological changes in bankruptcy laws, up to the current laws applicable. The study will also take the form of a case study, where it will analyze the historical bankruptcy of certain companies in the USA. The focus of this analysis will be an inquiry into the causes of the bankruptcy, what laws and legal procedures were applied to declare those companies bankrupt and what were the consequences of the declaration of bankruptcy to the company and to tits stakeholders. Further, the study will engage in probing the attempts made by various companies to revive themselves from the state of bankruptcy, and how successful their strategies were, to revive the companies. The study will also enga ge in comparing bankruptcy for different companies, evaluating how such companies addressed the issue of bankruptcy and determining which companies were successful and which ones were not. In so doing, it will be possible to determine the most appropriate strategies that are applicable in addressing the issue of bankruptcy for companies. Additionally, the role of various disciplines such as psychology and management in helping the companies address their state of bankruptcy will be analyzed, with a focus to understanding the relationship between the concept of business, management and psychology. This will be followed by recommendations on how companies can address bankruptcy, based on the success factors identifiable under different company case studies. The effect of bankruptcy in the economy is yet another focus of this study. Bankruptcy offers an individual or an organization the opportunity to start afresh, through forgiving the debts that cannot be paid and strategizing on the way forward (Ekvall & Smiley, 2007). Additionally, the declaration of bankruptcy gives the creditors an opportunity to measure the extent of their debt repayment, based on the assets of the organization that are available. This way, the declaration of bankruptcy is beneficial to the economy, since it serves to untie and set free the resources held by the redundant business, which are then re-invested into the economy with much vigor (Ekvall & Smiley,

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Debut Albums and Dear Friends Essay Example for Free

Debut Albums and Dear Friends Essay Honorable Chief Guest of the day, distinguished guests for the occasion, teachers, parents and all my dear friends, this day 15th August of every year is a golden day engraved in the history of the world. We got freedom on this date and it is a day worth a celebration. When we celebrate it hoisting the flag, playing our National Anthem with enthusiasm, distributing sweets, we need to sail back into the past to remember and pay homage to the builders of our nation. My dear friends, we were the privileged lot to have been born in free India. We were able to breathe the fresh free air since our birth. If at all we want to know the pangs of agony of being slaves under a foreign rule, we must ask our elders born before 1947. It was indeed a Himalayan task for every Indian those days to fight against those powerful giants – the British rulers. We must not allow those hard times and struggles fade away from our memories. Hence it is befitting for us to celebrate such National festivals and recall those heroic deeds of our National heroes. We remember them today. Right from Mahatma Gandhi to the local patriotic leaders we owe our gratitude. When we regard those martyrs who laid their precious lives for our sake, we must not ignore the common people who sacrificed their lot for the good cause. There were farmers, land lords, businessmen, teachers, writers, poets and students who helped the land achieve the long cherished freedom.

Thursday, November 14, 2019

Greed of the Pardoner in Chaucers Canterbury Tales :: Pardoners Tale Essays

Canterbury Tales - The Greed of the Pardoner Throughout literature, relationships can often be found between the author of a story and the story that he writes.   In Geoffrey Chaucer's frame story, Canterbury Tales, many of the characters make this idea evident with the tales that they tell.   A distinct relationship can be made between the character of the Pardoner and the tale that he tells. Through the Prologue to the Pardoner's tale, the character of the Pardoner is revealed.   Although the Pardoner displays many important traits, the most prevalent is his greed.   Throughout the prologue, the Pardoner displays his greed and even admits that the only thing he cares about is money: "I preach nothing except for gain" ("Pardoner's Tale", Line 105).   This avarice is seen strongly in the Pardoner's tale as well.   In the Pardoner's tale, three friends begin a journey in order to murder Death. On their journey, though, an old man leads them to a great deal of treasure.   At this point, all three of the friends in the tale display a greed similar to the Pardoner's.   The three friends decide that someone should bring bread and wine for a celebration.   As the youngest of the friends leaves to go buy wine, the other two greedily plot to kill him so they can split the treasure only two ways.   Even the youngest decides to "put it in his mind to buy poison / Wit h which he might kill his two companions" (383, 384).   The greed, which is evident in the character of the Pardoner, is also clearly seen in the tale. Another trait that is displayed by the Pardoner and a character in his tale is hypocrisy.  Ã‚   Although the Pardoner is extremely greedy, he continues to try and teach that "Avarice is the root of all evil" (6).   The characters in his tale display great hypocrisy as well.   As the tale begins, the friends all act very trustworthy and faithful towards all of their friends.   They nobly make a decision to risk their lives while trying to slay their friend's murderer.   As they talk about their challenge, they pledge "to live and die each of them for the other, / As if he were his own blood brother" (241-242).   At the end of the tale, the "brothers" begin to reveal their true nature.   They all turn on each other in an attempt to steal the treasure for themselves.

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Englis Removalist Essay Essay

Engaging texts lead us to think about significant issues within society. Discuss with reference to your prescribed test and of at least ONE other related text. Significant issues within society are effectively explored through engaging texts. The two-act play ‘The Removalists† written by David Williamsons explores significant issues within society in Australia in the seventies. The significant issues discovered throughout â€Å"The Removalists† include abuse of power and corruption. Similarly the empowering film â€Å"Shawshank Redemption† directed by Frank Darabount, also explores issues within society. Unlike David Williamsons â€Å"The Removalists†, â€Å"Shawshank Redemption† explores similar issues within society in America, in the 1940s. A significant issue within society is corruption. Corruption was conveyed throughout the play â€Å"The Removalists†. This is evident when Simmonds states â€Å"We can’t handle anything big because there is only the two of us. We can handle anything small, but then again it’s hardly worth the effort if it’s small†. Even though Simmonds says this area is the geographical centre of crime, which portrays his contradicting statements. Since the sub-branch does not handle anything big or handle anything small, it indicates the corruption within the force. The character Simmonds again reflects corruption throughout the play when he says â€Å"I have never made and arrest in all my twenty three years in the force, Ross† Simmonds uses irony as Simmonds mentioned that this city has the greatest crime rate, and Simmonds is yet to make an arrest in all his time in the force. Through the character Simmonds, corruption is effectively explored throughout The Removalists. In a similar fashion, the social issue of corruption is evident throughout the film Shawshank Redemption. Corruption was evident in the beginning of the movie as throughout Shawshank items were being traded through the currenc y of cigarettes. The fast-paced panning motions were used to show that the trading was illegal but still completed with all the prisoners and some guards. Another way corruption is evident throughout Shawshank Redemption is through the character Andy as he stimulates a large part of corruption throughout Shawshank. â€Å"All I ask for is three beers a piece for each of my co-workers†. Since Andy is doing illegal work for the police Andy asks in a polite tone for something in return for the work he has done. Corruption is also evident when Norton asks another inmate â€Å"would you be able to testify before the judge?† Norton’s asks him in a friendly tone and a low volume so  Norton could let the inmate think he was his friend. The inmate told the truth, which led to the inmate being intentionally killed. This demonstrates in a similar fashion to The Removalists how the social issue of corruption is evident in Shawshank Redemption. The social issue of the abuse of power is evide nt throughout The Removalists. This is evident when Simmonds â€Å"bends down and hoist’s Fiona’s skirt up a little† and say’s â€Å"take a close-up one on her thigh†. Simmonds actions and words portray his abuse of power within the police force to pick on troubled Fiona. The alluring tone Simmonds’s used towards Ross to take a picture of Fiona’s thigh indicated his plan was to try and use his authority and power he has to seduce Fiona. The social issue of the abuse of power is again evident through the character Simmonds. When Simmonds arrests Kenny, Simmonds abuses his power by repeatedly punches Kenny. Simmonds uses force against Kenny when Kenny undermines him. â€Å"Pity about Kate. Sergeant. You would’ve been in like Flynn† Simmonds resorts to violence because he believes that he has the right to, because he doesn’t follow the rulebook. â€Å"Stuff the rule book up your arse†. Through the character Simmonds the social issue of the abuse of power is evident in The Removalists. Similarly, the social issue of the abuse of power is evident throughout Shawshank Redemption. The abuse of power is evident through the warden, Norton. â€Å"Nothing stops! Nothing! Or you will do the hardest time there is. No more protection from the guards† The high modality and commanding tone Norton uses is to remind Andy that he is still the boss, and that Andy is under Norton’s thumb. It also portrays the abuse of power as Norton who abuses his power as the warden in Shawshank by controlling Andy for his tax frauds. The issue of the abuse of power is again evident through Norton. â€Å"There’s going to be a book barbeque at the back if you say anything†. Norton threatens Andy to keep quiet or his six years of work in the prison to get the library will turn into ashes. Norton’s commanding tone to a beaten up Andy was to further intimidate and threaten him. The two acts committed by Norton towards Norton displays the social issue of the abuse of power throughout Shawshank Redemption. Through engaging texts significant issues within society are explored effectively. The texts â€Å"The Removalists† and â€Å"Shawshank Redemption† effectively explore and reflect the significant issues within society.

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Frank Mccourt: Angela’s Ashes

In this hard world where winning is more important than participating you would sometimes almost forget to be generous from time to time. But when I read Angela’s Ashes by Frank McCourt I got a completely different view on generosity and the importance of it. This memoir is about the miserable Irish Catholic childhood of the writer. And I think that after this essay you will see that acts of generosity can make the lives of the poor better and that those people afterwards can also help other poor people. Firstly, it were rough times for the McCourt family.Dad -Malachy- was drinking the dole, the family lived in a bad house and children kept dying. The only way the McCourt’s could keep their heads above water was getting help from others. One thing that helped them in their struggle for survival was the St. Vincent the Paul Society. On page 79 they get help for the first time. I quote â€Å"The man in the middle says he’s giving Mam a docket to get a week’ s groceries at McGrath’s shop on Parnell Street. There will be tea, sugar, flour, milk, butter and a separate docket for a bag of coal from Sutton’s coal yard on the Dock road. In my opinion this is generous because I think that generosity means to help someone without gaining profit from it yourself and the St. Vincent de Paul Society doesn’t get anything back for this. That this gift of the St. Vincent de Paul Society is very helpful for the McCourt’s is confirmed by this â€Å"Mam wipes her face at the back of her sleeve and takes the docket. She tells the men, God bless you for your kindness†(page 79). Even though they get some support from the St. Vincent de Paul Society the McCourt family didn’t have enough to be very happy or to not have hunger.Therefore it is very good that others also helped the family sometimes. Another gift that I found generous was that some shopkeepers also gave food to the family for free. â€Å"A few shopkeep ers give bread, potatoes, tins of beans†¦ † (page 90). This, in my opinion, is very generous because those shops are there to make profit and handing out food isn’t profitable for them at all. It’s however very helpful for the McCourt’s. Further on in the book you can also read that Angela could also get credit at Kathleen O’Connell’s shop. Mam says she can now pay off the few pounds that she owes at Kathleen O’Connell’s shop†¦ † (page 133). Of course you could say this isn’t real generosity because Mam has to pay the money back, but I think it is quite generous to give credit to a family that doesn’t have a steady income. Secondly, when Frank is a little older –at the age when he can start working- you can discover a different kind of generosity. The kind of generosity that is more like giving a fishing rod instead of a fish.The first time when you will encounter this type of generosity is w hen Aunt Aggie buys the new clothes for Frank for his job as a telegram boy. â€Å"She takes me to Roche’s Stores and buys me a shirt, a gansey, a pair of short pants, two pairs of stockings and a pair of summer shoes on sale. She gives me two shillings to have tea and a bun for my birthday. She gets on the bus to go back up O’Connell Street too fat and lazy to walk. Fat and lazy, no son of her own, and still she buys me the clothes for my new job† (page 392).I think this is generosity because he now has a suit in which he of course will make a better impression at his new job and he can start making money of his own. In my interpretation Frank appreciated this gift very much because he even cries from happiness â€Å"I turn towards Arthur’s Quay with the package of new clothes under my arm and I have to stand at the edge of the River Shannon so that the whole world won’t see the tears of a man the day he’s fourteen† (page 392). Then after a while he gets fired because he has to deliver a telegram to Mr.Harrington, but he gets falsely accused for stealing ham and sherry. Because of a generous deed of the parish priest he gets his job back. â€Å"She gets a letter from the parish priest. Take the boy back, says the parish priest. Oh, yes father, indeed, says the post office† (page 416). Then when he delivers a telegram to Mrs. Brigid Finucane she asked Frank if he can write letters to her costumers to give her back the money she had leant them. This job yielded him some extra money, so his trip to America came closer and closer. She says, I’ll give you threepence for every letter you write and another threepence if it brings a payment† (page 418). I think it’s very generous from Mrs. Finucane to give this job because it brings Frank closer to his target, going to America. Because of all these acts of generosity towards the McCourt’s and especially Frank McCourt they aren’t the poorest of the poorest. Because they aren’t you can discover some acts of generosity from Frank himself. One generous gesture by him was that he gave his raisin away. I wanted the raisin for myself but I saw Paddy Clohessy standing in the corner with no shoes and the room was freezing and he was shivering like a dog that had been kicked and I always felt sad over kicked dogs so I walked over and gave Paddy the raisin† (page 148). I think it’s very generous to give your food away to someone that has it even worse than you even if you don’t have much yourself. The quote says that Paddy has no shoes. Without acts of generosity towards Frank he probably wouldn’t have them either, so he would have probably eaten the raisin himself.Something else happens much later in the book and that is that Frank throws Mrs. Finucanes’ ledger in the Shannon. This means that a lot of people don’t have to pay her back. †Aunt Aggie’s name i s in the ledger. She owes nine pounds. It might have the money she spent on my clothes a long time ago but now she’ll never have to pay it because I heave the ledger into the river† In my opinion this is a very clear act of generosity because he helps a lot of poor people with this. This is maybe a bit like Robin Hood even.Finally, now we have had a look at how acts of generosity changes the course of events and of lives I think we can conclude that generosity can really change the life of some people. Wouldn’t the McCourt family have died from starvation without generosity? Would Frank McCourt have ever gone to America without generosity? Would Frank have ever been generous to others without generosity from others? I would answer no on all these questions. I also think that generosity leads to more generosity. I hope you will understand this when you look at the last paragraph, because Frank is generous because others have been generous to him.

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Word Subtraction

Word Subtraction Word Subtraction Word Subtraction By Sharon We all know you can form new words by adding existing words together, such as combining boat and house to make boathouse or houseboat. But did you know that a lot of common words are also formed by subtraction or taking a piece away from a longer word? The linguistic term for this is clipping. It means shortening an existing word to form a new word. The clipped form has the same meaning as the original word and becomes a word in its own right, rather than an abbreviation. This means it can be combined with other words to form compounds Here are some examples of clipped forms biopic biographical picture bra -brassià ¨re burger hamburger bus omnibus cello violoncello exam examination flu influenza fridge refrigerator gas gasoline gym gymnasium lab laboratory math mathematics (clipped to maths in British English) memo memorandum mob mobile vulgus (fickle crowd in Latin) movie moving picture pants pantaloons phone telephone piano pianoforte plane airplane pram perambulator sitcom situation comedy tie necktie typo typographical error There are lots more, of course, but these are clipped forms that have more or less replaced the longer original in everyday speech. Can you think of some others to add to the list? Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the General category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Inquire vs EnquireOne Sheep, Two Sheep, One Fish, Two Fish . . .A "Diploma" is not a "Degree"

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Using Control Statements in C

Using Control Statements in C Programs consist  of sections or blocks of instructions that sit idle until they are needed. When needed, the program moves to the appropriate section to accomplish a task. While one section of code is busy, the other sections are inactive. Control statements are how programmers indicate which sections of code to use at specific times. Control statements are elements in the  source code that control the flow of program execution. They include blocks using { and } brackets, loops using for, while and do while, and decision-making using if and switch. Theres also goto. There are two types of control statements: conditional and unconditional. Conditional  Statements in C At times, a program needs to execute depending on a particular condition. Conditional statements are executed when one or more conditions are satisfied. The most common of these conditional statements is the if statement, which takes the form: if (condition) {   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  statement(s); } This statement executes whenever the condition is true. C uses many other conditional statements including: if-else: An if-else statement operates on an either/or basis. One statement is executed if the condition is true; another is executed if the condition is false.if-else if-else:  This statement chooses one of the statements available depending on the condition. If no conditions are true, the else statement at the end is executed.while: While repeats a statement as long as a given statement is while: A do while statement is similar to a while statement with the addition that the condition is checked at the end.for: A for statement repeats a statement as long as the condition is satisfied. Unconditional Control Statements Unconditional control statements do not need to satisfy any condition. They immediately move control from one part of the program to another part. Unconditional statements in C include: goto: A goto statement directs control to another part of the program.break: A break statement terminates a loop (a repeated structure)  continue: A continue statement is used in loops to repeat the loop for the next value by transferring control back to the beginning of the loop and ignoring the statements that come after it.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Geosynchronous Satellite Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Geosynchronous Satellite - Assignment Example Through this, the country can intensify the defense itself against terrorism and other attacks. Meteorologists can also monitor the weather conditions by using these GEO satellites, and this information can help pilots to plan their travel plans in a way that the weather will not affect their journeys. Also, its helps businesspersons to communicate effectively hence making them aware of the market for their products. Additionally, the effects of the ozone layer can be monitored through the GEO satellites and adequate measures taken to curb the health effects related to the destruction of the ozone layer. In GEO satellites, they are meant to stay there for life, and this will help future generations with artistic history from ancient times, that will live longer than humans will. This can be retrieved from the storage units of these satellites. Spiritually, the GEO satellites help religions to communicate with fellow worshipers all over the world and plan spiritual meetings. Thus, this assists the world to be united spiritually hence bringing about peace to its inhabitants (Breunig & Zlatanova, 2011). The need to respond to these natural human factors in a comprehensive manner affected the developed of a GEO satellite that could serve numerous purposes ranging from monitoring the weather to ensuring the security of a nation. GEO satellites were formed to stay far above the ground so that they cannot be tampered with and will a good view of the globe from all corners of the world. They contain rechargeable batteries that are charged by the sun hence they will always be working all day and night. This will ensure all this human factors are monitored all day and even at night when no one is watching, these satellites will capture all happenings and the responsive action taken whenever an issue arises. a) The Geosynchronous satellite has greatly influenced the population growth, lifespan/mortality and health in a great way. This has been achieved by the

Thursday, October 31, 2019

Microregionalism and Economic Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Microregionalism and Economic Theory - Essay Example This according to Gamble & Payne (1996) form of regionalism is as a result of economic forces, finances and production. Globalization has been on the verge due to transnational economic relationships expanding the economy to a global capitalist division of production and labor. This form of regionalism has been due to business enterprises pursuing interests on the spatial scale of the region. The micro-regional firms are able to expand their markets such that they sell their commodities locally and around the region. This, according to Fawcett & Hurrell (1995) is because regionalization links well with globalization. The firms are able to learn from the competitors who are also in the system of regionalism. The governments are able to get economic interaction and collaboration leading to the expansion of their global market. Through this system, governments are able to exploit technology of other states and also exploit their capital. The process also helps the government to indulge in joint development of the resources available. This applies also to the industries according to Breslin & Hook (2002). Through micro regionalism, the government can solve the trans-boundary issues that arise in day to day activities. Consequently micro-regionalism is a tool for firms and the government to benefit from the comparative advantage of the regions which are

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Leadership in context 3 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Leadership in context 3 - Essay Example The survey includes open ended questions about the employee’s goals and interests as well as a check-list in which the employee rank-orders according to the one that has greater value (J.B. Guerrero 2006). According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, people lack needs they want and this therefore produces the drive and desire which motivates us to satisfy that need (A. Maslow 1943). People have to satisfy the initial needs before they can move to the next level of needs. For example one cannot try to satisfy their self-realization needs before they have satisfied their security needs. Communication is very important in motivation. Ensure that your employees understand the company’s vision, mission and values, its goals and what is expected of the employees to achieve their goals and overall goals of the organization. The goals of the employees and those of the company should be aligned. When employees understand the goals of the organization, they are motivated and will work towards achieving the same. To be able to establish if they understand, ask questions and this can be achieved through questionnaires (S. Chandler and S. Richardson 2008). Leaders build the team spirit by shared vision (Richard Brandson). Lead by example is another way to motivate. When you walk the talk your employees will have confidence in what you tell them to do. They will not do what you have told them to do if you yourself are not or cannot do it (S. Chandler and S. Richardson 2008). For example if you ask them to put in extra time, you should be there to support them. Have a positive attitude. When you are positive, your employees will feel motivated and will work towards success. When you have a negative attitude it translates to failure and dissatisfaction in the work place. For examples, if issues arise during the course of performing your duties, use phrases like ‘for this to work we need to sort out the following issues’ as opposed to saying

Sunday, October 27, 2019

The Key Causes Of Multiculturalism

The Key Causes Of Multiculturalism Multiculturalism is not only an issue in Europe but also in the United States, Canada and Australia. The challenges that these countries went through and continue to go through are no different from that being experienced in Europe. Migration of individuals from all parts of the earth, and with different values and perspective, to find jobs, study or be with their loved ones has caused an increase in the number of minority groups present in Europe. Aside from the immigrants, those who claim to historically belong to the European countries due to colonization like the community of with an origin of Indo-Pakistan in Britain or the Muslims and Arabs of France, have distinctively introduced themselves to the community, and demanded equality (Allam, 2009). Khosrokhavar (2006) has presented two levels at which multiculturalism, specifically for the Muslim community, can be evaluated: the daily life level which is caused by the cultural diversity that cannot be altered anymore, and the institutional level which involves the government, the society, and all other aspects that externally affects the individual as an institution. The daily life level that was exemplified is the distinct Muslim culture of the women wearing their veil. Muslim women have been banned in different European countries like Switzerland, Belgium, Germany and France, and legislations regarding the wearing of the veil are also being discussed in England and Holland. Such measure does not correlate to the phenomenon of multiculturalism, but the government of these European countries were forced to take into consideration the safety of the general public, especially after the bombing incident in London in September of 2005 (Khosrokhavar, 2006). The institutional level is concerned with the effect of the legislations like that mentioned earlier to the Muslim community and to the citizens who are not directly affected by the law but are influenced in terms of how they are supposed to see or look at the people to which, the law has been addressed to. The effect of these laws such as that of banning the hijab has resulted to a more closely knit Muslim community, and has been considered to be of three different classes. One that tries to properly mingle with the public, consequently, denouncing the Muslim traditions. The second which, continues to practice Muslim teachings and as a result experiences social injustice, discrimination or prejudice in their every day encounters. And the third is the group that spreads radicalization, and often giving issues that involve protests and demonstrations (Khosrokhavar, 2006). After 1945, the official stand of European countries towards immigration included multiculturalism in Great Britain, Netherlands, and Sweden; gasterbeider or denying migrant workers of political citizenship in Germany; and assimilationism in France (Rex Singh, 2003). Various authors offer competing definitions of the term multiculturalism which according to Malik (2005) refer to both a society characterised by being ethnically diverse and the philosophy and policy approach in the management of societies. In Great Britain, the social diversity brought about by migration creates particular concerns or dilemmas needed to be addressed such as the how promoting a sense of belongingness could be reconciled with respecting plural identities and cultural differences. Though multicultural discourses are divergent, the term implies efforts conveying recognition, respect, and tolerance to various ethnicities within a specific territory (Schuster Solomos, 2001). On the other hand, assimilation ist approaches, which place an onus on the minority ethnicities to the imaginary homogenous national British way of life, multiculturalism is founded on the distinctiveness of every ethnic group and that each is accorded the right of retaining their cultural heritage. If the groups do not experience oppression, marginalization, social exclusion, then safeguarding groups from discrimination and promoting social equality are the salient facets of multiculturalism. Undeniably, multiculturalism originated from the struggles of minority ethnic activists against workplace racism, particularly in the US and Britain (Sivanandan, 2006 as cited in Herbert, Datta, Evans, May, McIlwane, Wils, 2006). In this broad theoretical framework, two types of multiculturalism emerge- weak and strong. Weak multiculturalism denotes the understanding that there should be due recognition of cultural differences in the private domain, but should not exert on the public sphere of employment, education, market, governance, and law (Rex, 1991). The major problem with weak multiculturalism is that a number of institutions overlap the public and private domains. For example, education though a public institution inculcates private moral values to the studentry. In addition, public institutions do not remain neutral in relation to ethnicity concerns. In the labour market, multiculturalism leads to gender and ethnic segmentation. Another weak multiculturalism is the boutique multiculturalism, in which the ethnic groups considered the minority become what is called the exotic other and have not gone beyond the tokenistic festivity of saris, somosas and steel bands (Harris, 2001; Alibhai-Brown, 2000). In contrast, the strong type of multiculturalism is being promoted by Taylor who argued that being recognised is an imperative need of human beings and therefore multiculturalism should extend mere tolerance of various cultures and must grant every individual the same amount of respect and worth in the community (Taylor, 1994). This approach of Taylor also known as primordial multiculturalism is an essentialised and rigid view regarding cultural identities which states that groups bear a cultural baggage passed across generations. In contrast, the civic type of multiculturalism recognises that dynamic and permeable natures of cultures, and pushes for intra- and inter-community dialogue. This serves as the central unifying component to the claims of Parekh (2006) that in response to the cultural diversity, multiculturalism might welcome and cherish it [difference], make it central to its self-understanding, and respect the demands of its constituting communities (p. 6). Using this poi nt of view, integration proceeds in two modes (Modood, 2005). Some workers strongly and radically criticised multiculturalism; their argument is that when cultural differences and recognition are focused, power struggles and injustices are masked, specifically those that are economically related. For instance, Fraser (1995) pushed for a social justice approach which acknowledges that economic disadvantage is intertwined with cultural disrespect and that there is a need to tackle this concern by means of a concerted effort of redistributing income and recognizing individual and group differences. In the 1980s, policies of several countries in Europe, Britain most particularly, are founded on the principle of multiculturalism such as celebrating cultural differences and extending financial support to activities initiated by members of ethnic minority groups. These appeared to be employed in a variety of ways across sectors in society which covers education, employment, politics, social welfare, and health. Apparently, education was one area where this concept became converted into a state policy and included steps of encouraging more ethnic minority teachers to teach in schools that recognise and celebrate pluralistic cultures such as different histories and religions in the National Curriculum. In the work area, articulation of the multiculturalism ethos occurred in the 1980s by providing minority members with equal employment opportunities as with the majority groups and recently by means of diversity management. By adopting these strategies, organizations cultivate an inclu sive labour force, facilitate cultural understanding, and abolish racism by evaluating the individual merits of all the employees (Herbert et al. 2006). Workers criticised these developments because they have not gone beyond the celebration of cultural diversity and neglected to discuss how social injustice and ethnic discrimination originated (Troyna Carrington, 1990). As a result, debate grew considerably between multiculturalism and antiracism advocates and forced people to be biased despite having commonalties; therefore a productive dialogue is prevented (Brah, 1996). Most specifically, the multicultural project critics argued that assessing people as individuals is did not successfully tackle institutional racism affecting groups instead of simply individuals (Pole, 2001). The diversity management policy in the work area was also criticised for presuming the use of diversity in accumulating profit; in other words, business incentives are major motivators of racism eradication. This neglects both social and moral motives in the prevention of racial exclusion, leaving equal business and market opportunities (Wrench Modood, 2000 ). Research revealed that while a number of major industries have equal opportunities initiatives in place, few of them seriously plan to implement these plans. Despite the criticisms faced by multiculturalism in the work place, very little has been documented in research regarding the experiences of ethnic minorities in both workplace and institutions (Solomos, 1999). Then more criticisms emerged and these generally focused on ways wherein multiculturalism generates inadvertent consequences and novel problems that needed resolution. Particularly, multiculturalist policies have been greatly criticised for cultivating animosity between ethnic minorities for the purpose of competing for funds and granting and co-opting autonomy to unelected ethnic brokers who stifle the interests of the youth and women deemed to be the less influential sectors of society, in the hope of becoming more unified in the community (Kundnani, 2002). Multiculturalism has also been the target in presupposing that different individuals have the same level of commitment towards their respective culture and therefore fail to identify the different positions individuals occupy; as a function of their value system, life cycle, sexuality, class, gender, and so forth (Yuval-Davis, 1999 as cited in Torres, Miron, Inda, 1999). After the conflicts in 2001 in the northern towns in Britain and the bombings of July 2005, the value that multiculturalism used to have was politically questioned and multiculturalism is blamed for the division and fragmentation between ethnic groups in Britain (Pfaff, 2005; Cantle, 2002).The head of the Commission for race Equality, Trevor Phillips is the prominent figure associated with this argument. In 2004, Phillips made a controversial announcement that multiculturalism is facing effective decline and reaffirmed his concerns in 2005 that some areas in Britain are sleepwalking to segregation. Phillips (2005) as cited in Herbert et al. (2006) likewise criticised an anything goes multiculturalism which leads to deeper division and inequality In recent years weve focused far too much on the multi and not enough on the common culture. The Guardian (2006) also stated that the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Ruth Kelly, shared the same concerns that ethnic mi norities live in isolated and segregated communities. Looking things from this perspective, multiculturalism is regarded as a threat to the common values shared in the British society. In response to these problems, politicians have urged for greater inter-cultural contact, integration, and social cohesion. This, according to some workers is like a return to the earlier assimilation discourses, emphasizing adherence to British values as exemplified in the endorsement of citizenship tests (Worley, 2005; Werbner, 2005). In this discourses, assimilationists see cultural barrier a key problem, instead of underlying poverty, inequalities, and racisms (Kundnani, 2002). Furthermore, the polarization discourse tended to blame members of minority ethnicities for their choice to be inward-looking and segregated. In short, the recent debates surrounding multiculturalism in Britain disregard the effect of racial exclusions in generating feelings of exclusion as well as cultural segregation (Herbert et al. 2006). Multiculturalism, Politics and Religion In a suburban community called Grigny in Czech Republic, both the Muslim and Christian population have agreed on a tolerant and respectful society to prevent any misunderstanding so that all individuals will be able to live according to their own norms. This peaceful inter-religion or inter-cultural relationship could have been an excellent example of multiculturalism if it had not been for the outcomes caused by the terrorist attacks in 9/11. The United States governments all out war on terrorism after the 9/11 attack generalized that all individuals from Islamic countries are terrorists, or have a very high potential of becoming extremists. This generalization has created paranoia amongst European nations because of the vast Muslim population in the region (Velisek, 2010). The alliance of Britain to the United States during the war against Saddam Hussein and Iraq, has led to the train bombing in London, as a form of protest to Britains participation (Lappin, 2007). The Czech Republ ic has not experienced heavy problems in terms of the heterogeneous cultures and religions that are present in their society, but with the white racism that George W. Bush started, there seemed to be an underlying discrimination and racism that has always been present, but not yet acknowledged in the society. This prejudice, if unrecognised, will lead the heterogeneous Czech Republic society to the similar path that other European nations have experienced (Velisek, 2010). Terrorism is the nemesis of democracy and destroys what may have been good in a multicultural environment. Terrorism creates a helpless society, where the ordinary citizens continuously fear for their lives and are no longer secure within the walls of their homes. It also renders the government officials in a vulnerable position, where they could not let their fear be seen and would have to put up a faà §ade that will somehow appease the ordinary citizens and bring about stability during the times where almost all political leaders are powerless. At another angle, terrorism brings about a stigma on the people who have been called terrorists and this stigma affects all individuals, even the innocent women and children belonging to the group. In the case of the 9/11 terrorist attack, the stigma was on the Muslim population (Mahajan, 2007). Aside from historical colonization citizens, immigrants are also a source of the population that has brought about changes in the European community. Immigration in Europe began in the late 1900s, where decolonization happened, and the reconstruction of the economic state after the downfall brought about by World War II took place (Velisek, 2010). Europe has opened its borders freely to allow economic growth and family unification amongst other reasons, in the region. With this free movement of trade and labourers in and out of the borders of the European countries, it is inevitable that people, whether of good intent or not, cross these internal borders almost everyday. The geography of Europe, similar to that of the United States, allows the entry and exit of persons between countries, and to monitor the migration of thousands of individuals, at different entry points costs a lot, and the legislations that are formulated for the security of the government are sometimes not effectiv e especially in areas that are difficult to reach by the law enforcers. Despite the unified efforts of the European Union to detect illegal entry of individuals, there is always a certain degree of uncertainty at which those of illegitimate intent aim to pry at (Bigo, 2009). Immigration and integration in the society has been studied and analyzed by migration scholars to evaluate or assess the European communitys capacity to accommodate migrants and their respective religions and values. Political parties have also emerged to support or pass on legislations that may or may not favour multiculturalism, and these parties each have their own supporters who believe in the same views as they have (Bale, 2008). In France, Brice Hortefeux, Minister of Immigration, Integration and Identity; expressed his concern on illegal migrants, and boasted of the French governments capacity, to determine and send these migrants back to their homes. This political move has sparked some organizations to question the free movement agreement and has been seen by some to be a failure, similar to that of the American strategy. Contrary to the ideologies Minister Hortefuex, the French government created the Pact of Immigration, which is different from that which implicitly denies the entry of immigrants into Europe. This long-term policy, which was adopted in 2008, aims to create what they referred to as Eurosurveillance where the entry of foreigners in the European region is controlled systematically (Bigo, 2009). The United Kingdom has a certain degree of uniqueness when it comes to the diversity of the people in its community. Britain has allowed the people to retain their culture, as long as there is a certain aspect in their lives that is somewhat British in nature. The British value policy that the New Labour government re-endorsed in 2007 to 2008 created varied reactions from the members of its community. The Catholics, who remained to stand by the teachings of the church, could not adapt to some of the British lifestyles such as abortion and adoption by homosexual couples. However, despite the contradicting traditions, the British public law is more coherent with Christianity compared to that of the Sharia law of the Muslims. But most Muslim women ap preciate the British law because their rights as individuals are considered compared to the Muslim tradition that women are second-class individuals and do not have any privileges at all. This is evidence that the intertwined laws, which may be secular, religious or traditional in origin has created British laws that bring comfort to the Christian, Jewish and Muslim communities in Britain (Milbank, 2009). During the 1980s Netherlands and Norway have recognized multiculturalism but have not officially integrated citizenship of immigrants into their policies. However, after the September 2001 attack in the United States, and other violence that rocked their neighbouring regions, integration of Islam has become a very controversial politico-cultural issue and often been inclined on irreconcilability. Norwegian and Dutch politicians have fairly accepted the fact that integration policies have failed in their respective regions and non-Western immigrants have become curious of being able to practice their individual rights (Akkerman and Hagelund, 2007). Women and children, in particular, have been regarded as properties rather than as human beings by Muslim men. This is what Islam has taught, and Muslims have been accustomed to this perspective that even if they immigrate to other non-Muslim countries, they still carry on with this perspective, even to non-Muslim women. An excellent example of this gender discrimination is the Islamic practice of honour killing where any Muslim can be killed if a Muslim woman has a relationship with a non-Muslim, or when she refuses to wear their veil. Statistics have even shown that more than 95% of honour killings that happened in Europe are on Muslim women who have been killed at an average age of 21. These women have been killed or tortured by their own family and almost half of the incidents on honour killings happened in England (Chesler, 2010). In Norway and Netherlands case, women and children are supposed to be protected by the Dutch and Norwegian laws however, with the Islam teaching on fa mily and values, honour killing is justified and is not considered a sin according to the Koran. Aside from honour killings, genital mutilation is also a Muslim practice that has caused debates and was dwelled on by the media. These issues have been publicly debated on in Norway and legislations have been considered to integrate the abused Muslim women into the society. The same approach was done by the Dutch government and policies to provide protection to Muslim women. The undertakings that Norway and the Netherlands went through for several years showed that womens rights is more of an individual right and the violence that victims have experienced in the past need not happen if the leftists were able to see that there should be exemptions to their anti-immigrant demands (Akkerman, 2007). Europes challenges in achieving multiculturalism have often been attributed generally to the Muslims. Lalami (2009) assessed the views of Christopher Caldwell when it comes to racism, multiculturalism and Muslims, in particular. Muslims have been considered as a stronger force in a white race-dominated European community, with the same beliefs and traditions even if they come from different lands. Caldwell believes that even as a minority, with only a 5% population in Europe, Muslims still demand for recognition of their culture and traditions. However, Muslim culture appears to be more on the violent and oppressive side. Statistically, most crimes and other minor offenses are relatively high in areas where there are Muslim populations. Most of Caldwells racist views were also contested, citing instances to which Caldwell may have simply refused to look for further evidence and consider something good in the minority that threatens him so much. Caldwells discriminating vision was tha t of Europe without the Muslims in it (Lalami, 2009). This kind of ideology, apart from being a racist, is an example of a European only perspective and contradicts all the founding principles of the policies set by the EU on multiculturalism and minority rights. Murray and Simcox (2010) discussed on the current situation of Islamism and multiculturalism in Britain. They reported on the actions that Muslims do in Britain when racism occurs, and the impact that it may bring about to the non-Muslim members of the community. The observations that Murray and Simcox (2010) made shows that the British society is still tolerant of the actions of Muslims, as long as they are not hate crimes. Police enforcers have been instructed not to make any arrest on Muslims who voice out their emotions on issues similar to that in Afghanistan or Iraq, provided that they do no harm to other people in the community. This instruction has been given because the British government does not want to create any tension between the Muslims and the British community. The demographics of terrorists and those who help fight the terrorist were shown to be coming from one region, which implies that the region has an underlying civil war, although not completely recognized by the government and it is still not as evident (Murray, 2010). The freedom that the British government provided to the Muslims only encouraged the latter to be aggressive, as it has already been inherent to Islamism. These observations have been vocally expressed by Britains Prime Minister Cameron, where he demanded a more strict approach on Muslims who preach about hate and war, and involve themselves in terrorism and extremism. Cameron also emphasized that Britains, as well as that of the entire European community, have been very cautious so as not to stir any arguments on racial discrimination. Britains hands-off tolerance on Muslims has not helped in creating a society where different cultures will be able to live harmoniously with each other, and even brought about Britains failure when it comes to fighting terrorism because they have been dubbed by the United States as the haven for terrorist groups. This implies that it is not only the European community that notices this truth, but other countries as well (Burns, 2011). The French president Nicolas Sarkozy has expressed the same views and identified the same group of people to be the cause of their problems Muslims. He started a campaign calling on the immigrants to be French Muslims rather than continue to live as Muslims in France. This is a call for integration, however, Marine Le Pen has considered Sarkozys move only as a political tactic (Heneghan, 2011). Europes culture is changing, and it is inevitable basically because of the effect of immigration brought about by the societys economic needs. However, religion seems to be the most evident divider among the different members of the community especially when teachings begin to be questioned and rights to perform several customs have been deprived. It is not the fight over jobs or benefits, but simply the exercise of beliefs to which the non-EU people want to be recognized (Lalami, 2009). There seems to be a similarity in terms of the goals that these religious congregations want to achieve, other than recognition, and it is to invite people into their religion, as well as demand that the laws of the society must be in accordance to their teachings. This diversified demand and attempts of each religious congregation to change Europe are probable reasons why multiculturalism in Europe has not yet succeeded. Europe, aside from the Middle East, has the most number of Muslim population compared to the United States and Canada. The United States has Asian and Mexican immigrants and a small Muslim population, and multiculturalism has succeeded in this region. Although Europe and the United States have a democratic form of government, the effect on multiculturalism to these regions are completely opposite, primarily because of the religious institutions and teaching to which the immigrants are free to exercise as part of their minority rights. Asians and Mexicans, or other Latin America nationals have almost similar beliefs and their religions do not teach of the justification to invoke violence as opposed to the Muslim teachings in the Koran where a religious war or jihad can be called upon Muslims and wage war against non-Muslim nations. This is the main reason why multiculturalism has been difficult to observe in Europe. The totalitarian perspective of the Muslims has a tendency to bring a bout extremism because of their entirely different values that are sometimes publicly unjustifiable but because these Muslim immigrants are in a democratic country, their actions and religious practices remain to be a part of their right, and in some cases, the laws that govern their community supersedes that of the states legislations. Islamic teachings do not aim to integrate Muslims with other religions, nor does it treat other religious congregations as equals. It is part of the Islamic teachings to impose ideologies that are parallel to that with their Koran and promote the religion even in nations where they are considered the minority (Lappin, 2007). Tolerance: Hope for Multiculturalism in Europe A good example of a religion that appears to mingle and co-exist perfectly with that of either the Muslim or Christian community is Hinduism. Hinduism is based on teachings, and there are no texts that demand to be followed. The religion is more like a way of life rather than being called a religion itself. It is the religion dominant in India, which has allowed the Muslims and Christians to live in harmony because it does not seek to convert people or encourage people to join their community. This is the main difference between India and Europe, where the former has been able to be both democratic and multicultural for more than 50 years, while the latter has been in continuous turmoil with the Muslim minorities in the region. The approach in India on the Muslim community was that of tolerance thesis, wherein the culture of the majority tolerates that of the minority. Hindu tolerance is not based on relativism, and respects the psychology of the situated self, where the behaviour of an individual is influenced by the norms of the community that they belong to, and different communities have their own norms. This tolerance has provided non-Hindu communities their own space to live according to the norms that they have been accustomed with (Mahajan, 2007). Compared to India, minorities in Europe are demanded to turn their backs on their religions and culture to be able to integrate in the society which has led to different militant groups all aiming for equality including the exercise of their customs. But Europeans have always been the dominant community since historical colonization and even until now where they still regard dark-skinned individuals as their slaves (Banus, 2007). Ironically, they seem to have met a match in the Muslims, who in their own way are a dominant community as well and have retaliated significantly when their customs were prohibited or banned. Tolerance in its liberal context deals with the individuals capacity to recognise autonomy, where the customary beliefs of a particular religious congregation can only be questioned by the members and all issues concerning them is not of concern to the other religious community. India was able to deal with multiculturalism with tolerance, respect and the situated self, even without the liberal ideologies. Multiculturalism may be achieved simply by respecting and understanding the roots of a religious community. Although Europe cannot do away with the vigilance of the threats of terrorism, it must be able to accept that there are different cultures and values that may seem absurd, or even grotesque, in as much the same way as minorities like the Muslims and Roman Catholics, find some practices of the European liberal lifestyle to be as misshapen as well. How has Europe accepted multiculturalism? From an earlier glorification of the political project that is multiculturalism, the backlash as of late has been quite prominent. Initiatives to promote multiculturalism in Europe have been going on since the 1960s. These have included programs and services geared at public recognition of national minorities or ethnic groups, in education, socials services, religious accommodation and others. Vertotec and Wessendorf (2007) enumerated the broad range of multiculturalism efforts around Europe, which may vary in application from country to country, including: 1. Public recognition: The idea is to provide support for ethnic majority organizations, activities that spread awareness about diversity, and facilities. There were also public consultative bodies which incorporate ethnically diverse organizations. 2. Education: In the schools, there was ample consideration and respect for dress codes and recognition of gender-specific practices. Moreover, curricula were created to reflect the diversity of the school population and to orient ethnic students with the culture of their peers in order to raise their self confidence. Teaching was available in the mother tongue and support for ethnic languages was offered. The establishment of religious-private or publicly-funded schools was also allowed. 3. Social services: Multiculturalism was also adopted in social service by allowing the dissemination of information and training of public employees, healthcare providers, social workers, the police, and courts in culturally-sensitive practices in the performance of their duties. 4. Public materials: Campaigns to promote health and provide information to state-sponsored services are made available in diverse languages. 5. Law: The law provided for cultural exceptions such as the exemption of Sikhs to wear helmets when riding motor vehicles, taking of oath through the Quran or the Bhagavad Gita, the recognition of marriage performed in other religious persuasions, as well as recognition of culture-specific provis