Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Needs and risk assessment of physical disabilities Essays

Needs and risk assessment of physical disabilities Essays Needs and risk assessment of physical disabilities Essay Needs and risk assessment of physical disabilities Essay Brief 188020 Title: Analyse the procedure, methods and ethical quandary involved in set abouting a demands and hazard appraisal in a instance of physical disablements. Case Study ( from Aust 1996 ) Emma and Anne who are both in their early mid-twentiess have known each other for many old ages, holding met through a twenty-four hours Centre for people with physical disablements. As a consequence of a head hurt, Emma can non walk at all and uses a wheelchair. Anne has intellectual paralysis and besides uses a wheelchair. The misss have decided that they now want to populate together, but their parents are objecting to this thought stating that they would be excessively vulnerable in the community. Anne’s parents besides consider Emma to be too dominant and manipulative’ sing their ain girl. ( Aust 1996: 178 ) The instance presents the societal worker who is to transport out a hazard appraisal with a overplus of jobs. The essay will sketch the values, general ethical theories and the assorted theoretical accounts that can be utilised when measuring hazards for Emma and Anne’s move. It will besides reexamine the model for hazard appraisal that is available to societal workers and measure its utility in making a feasible solution to the aspirations of Emma and Anne to populate independently. Although it may non strike an perceiver as an ethical quandary at first, the legion facets involved in the determination devising procedure necessitate any societal worker to weigh the benefits and disadvantages of alternate classs of actions non merely for the two immature adult females but besides for any other involved party such as carers and so the societal worker herself ( Carson 1996 ) . This exercising of measuring benefits across those who are involved in the procedure of attention for Em ma and Anne in the past and in the hereafter under new fortunes needs to pull on ethical norms and constructs. The essay will undertake the assorted facets in bend and will chalk out a possible solution to the job every bit far as the fortunes that must necessarily act upon any determination are known in this instance. Risk appraisal has undergone a extremist transmutation over the last decennary in England and Wales ( Garrett 2003 ) . While ethical theories still play a more fringy function in concrete determination devising procedures in societal work, the work of practicians is to a great extent influenced by new theoretical accounts of appraisal, altering values and bureau processs. Although many local governments strive to formalize and standardize the procedure of hazard appraisal for their societal workers, there is merely loose and general counsel available from national administrations ( HSE 2002 ; Carson 1996: 11 ; with the exclusion of kid appraisal for which the UK authorities has provided a close compulsory appraisal model, californium. Garrett 2003 ) . Consequently the burden of measuring bing and possible hazards to persons is placed on societal workers who need to be equipped with robust theoretical accounts of appraisal in order to get at valid and sensible determinations. Additionally, although the Centre of determination devising is easy switching to service users, authorization of clients must stay a distant possibility if sufficient resources are non made available to ease the determinations taken by users and societal workers. Social workers are therefore put in a place in which they have beliing truenesss ; on one manus to place that class of action that is of most benefit to the service user ( BASW 1985 ; GSCC 2002 ) , on the other manus, to administer existing resources in the fairest manner across those entitled to have resources. The literature identifies several values that inform societal service hazard appraisal and societal work in general in the UK ( Banks 2006 ; Beckett 2005 ) . Social workers must endeavor to protect the self-respect of service users, heighten the possibility for self-government and recognize the worth of any person in their battle with clients ( BASW 1985 ; GSCC 2002 ) . While the more general thoughts that underlie societal work are frequently identified as societal justness in the wider social context, theoreticians frequently point out that specific norms such as forestalling favoritism on evidences of physical or learning disablement every bit good as societal inclusion and equity in administering existing resources and supplying entree to them flux logically from the more abstract impression of persons entitled to esteem and equal intervention. Additionally, some argue that continuing the unity of societal work professional is besides a basic value that should regulate societal w ork pattern, something that has found its manner into the assorted codifications of pattern in the UK ( BASW 1985 ; GSCC 2002 ) . Three sets of theories are seen as relevant to a more profound apprehension of the nature of societal work. Banks identifies principle based ethical theories, such as deontological ( Kantian ) and useful moralss, aboard virtue moralss and extremist theory. There has been ample argument about whether or non codifications of moralss reflect anything close to valid ethical theories. Banks ( 2003 ) argues that ethical codifications are really much the result of schemes of professions to circumference a sphere of duty accessible merely to practicians of the peculiar profession. They are vehicles of procuring position and privilege for societal workers and legalizing the liberty of the profession as a whole from external regulative intervention ( Banks 2003: 139 and 142 ) . International comparings reveal that professional codifications vary widely in length, content and signifier. Consequently they are capable to reviews from different angles. A cardinal unfavorable judgment nevertheless seems to use to about all codifications of moralss and that is that they often fail to carry through their chief map to steer societal workers in their professional pattern ( Banks 2003: 140 ) . Codes of moralss tend to be idealistic insofar as they formula te abstract moral rules as the foundation of societal work. If professional codifications are elevated to regulative position, violation of these rules might take to disciplinary action, an absurd scenario since the application of moral rules in concrete instances is unfastened to debate and reading ( Banks 2003: 141-142 ) . More significantly, Garrett ( 2003 ) argues that elaborate appraisal models carry through a political function and should be seen in the UK as portion of the wider New Labour scheme for cut downing unfairnesss in society. While this may look commendable, the merely elaborate appraisal model that Tony Blair’s authorities introduced carries deep paternalistic deductions and its societal inclusion rhetoric disguises the fact that the bordering scheme of New Labour’s economic repertory remains †¦essentially the neo-liberal one’ ( Garrett 2003: 451 ) . The instruments of societal alteration every bit remain conventional and undisputed. Garrett points out that New Labour envisages waged work as the chief tool for societal inclusion, thereby blatantly cut downing the complexnesss of societal justness and inclusion to material well-being ( Garrett 2003: 449 ) . He criticizes the late implemented kid appraisal model as excessively reliant on graduated tables, while still neglecting to supply a clear grounds base for opinions and recommendations’ ( Garrett 2003: 453 ) . Assessment frameworks hence may merely neglect to promote brooding and critical pattern of societal workers and overemphasise attachment to governmental ordinances and processs. Since societal work pattern is fatally wedded to a New Labour vision of society-government relationship in which the authorities knows best, assessment models can at best be vehicle for paternalistic supervising of parents and kids ( Garrett 2003: 447 ) . Previously to the challenge of the established theoretical account, the impression of hazard was defined as the possible to do injury to the service user or any others in the populace or the private sphere ( Carson 1996: 9 ) . The important difference between the more advanced impression of hazard and the older theoretical account of hazard appraisal is that hazard is today defined in a broader manner and relates to the quality of life of handicapped people ( Ross 1996 ) . Consequently, societal workers are tasked to see hazard that are unnecessarily placed on handicapped people which may take to societal exclusion and unacceptable low degrees of societal battle ( Parker 2003: 13 ) . This has resulted in a extremist re-formulation of the demands of handicapped people in society. Hazard now carries positive every bit good as negative intensions and may take to both good and harmful results ( Ross 1996: 81 ) . Social workers are urged to take both sides into history in their appraisal. In the given instance, the societal worker would hold to weigh the benefits for Emma and Anne by populating independently against the hazard that may be present in the event that necessary support may non be available at certain times in their level. Social workers therefore need to gauge the probability and size of known possible results that result from interaction of known and unknown factors’ ( Ross 1996: 82 ) . In this new strategy of things, hazard is a state of affairs where a individual is exposed to chances, jeopardies, and dangers’ ( Ross 1996: 82 ) Since one desired facet of hazard appraisal is non merely to guarantee that clients are consulted but actively take part in the determination devising procedure, any societal worker who carries out hazard appraisal must besides see who bears duties in instance things go incorrect ( Carson 1996 ) . If for illustration, Emma and Anne would disregard the indicant by the societal worker that there are no sufficient resources to vouch uninterrupted round the clock support in their new level, the societal worker must explicate to them that this may present an incalculable hazard to their well being. In the terminal the societal worker must guarantee that they arrive at a determination that balances their demands for independent life with those of the assorted stakeholders in the procedure. There are foremost the parents and carers of both Emma and Anne whose concerns must be heard and considered. By the same item, the societal worker would hold a duty to weigh these concerns against the possible involvements of the carers to forestall Emma and Anne from populating independently, non because it is non in their best involvement, but because it may non function themselves and their established fiscal and familial agreements. In a study of assessment pattern in societal work and determination devising processs, Holland has pointed out that since appraisal by practicians relies to a great extent on verbal interaction, those clients who manage to set up a relationship with societal workers that purports to rest on shared values predisposes determination shapers favorably towards the carers. On the other manus, those carers who do non go on to hold a sufficient articulacy, do non show equal co-operation with the societal worker or fail to offer an agreed plausible account for the household state of affairs do non win in household re-unification or other aims ( Holland 2000 ) . The nucleus standard for a positive appraisal appears to be the willingness of carers to accept in an articulate and convincing manner the position of the societal worker on past events and current fortunes of the household ( Holland 2000: 158-159 ) . Access to resources or the power to do determinations that affect households may therefore easy interpret into coercive relationships between societal workers and households, while the latter are compelled to acknowledge the societal worker’s reading of the family’s state of affairs as the lone valid 1 ( Holland 2000 ) . Calder outlines the assorted phases of hazard appraisal ( in kid attention contexts ) and distinguishes between the hypothesis on possibilities, information assemblage, information testing, determination devising and rating of this determination. But even with this elaborate step-by-step algorithm ( similar in Milner 2002: 62-63 ) , while it is possible to measure single hazards, it remains vague how societal workers are supposed to weigh hazards against each other ( Calder 1996: 35 ) . This is where societal doctrines are coming into drama. Social workers may moderately trust on their intuition sing the differing weight that they may desire to tie in with different hazards. Such a quandary may tend societal workers towards the original theoretical account of hazard appraisal one time once more, where impressions of single physical or emotional injury predominate the appraising procedure. Emma and Anne’s proposal for independent life may be rejected on these evidences. Inciden tally, Emma and Anne may besides be denied the want to travel into a level merely because non sufficient resources can be found to back up them at that place, and while this is a frequent external restraint it emerges in the hazard appraisal scheme as a legitimate ground to forestall Emma and Anne’s wants. Scarce resources therefore may forestall societal workers from traveling to a more balanced and advanced theoretical account of hazard appraisal as lineation earlier and forces them to return back to the original impression of hazard that was found wanting by protagonism groups and handicapped people themselves. In add-on societal workers may be confronted with a important deficiency of fit’ between their assessment recommendations and the existent opportunities of seeing this through by using bing collaborative webs between bureaus. Unless more resources are made available it is hard to see that the new theoretical account of hazard can meaningfully be implemented across societal service appraisals. Ross argues that societal workers should ideally use an exchange theoretical account of appraisal which assumes that the worker has expertise in job work outing [ while ] the user has expertise about the problem’ ( Ross 1996: 88 ) . Yet, any such sophisticated theoretical accounts of appraisal must be considered against the background of practical restraints such as budgetary restrictions, which may frequently annul assessment results and recommendations by societal workers. Mentions Aust, A. , Hazel Kemshall, Jane Lawson e.a. ( 1996 ) . Using Hazard in Practice: Case Studies and Training Material.Good Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management. H. Kemshall and J. Pritchard. London and Bristol, Pennsylvania, Jessica Kingsley: 176-197. BASW ( 1985 ) . A Code of Ethics for Social Work, British Association of Social Workers ( BASW ) . Banks, S. ( 2003 ) . From oaths to rulebooks: a critical scrutiny of codifications of moralss for the societal professions.European Journal of Social Work. Vol. 6, No. 2, 133-144. Banks, S. ( 2006 ) .Ethical motives and Valuess in Social Work. London, Palgrave. Beckett, C. and Maynard, A. ( 2005 ) .Valuess and Ethical motives in Social Work. An Introduction. London Thousand Oaks New Delhi, Sage. Calder, M. C. ( 2003 ) . The Assessment Model: A Critique and Reformulation.Appraisal in Child Care. Using and Developing Frameworks for Practice. M. C. Calder and S. Hackett. Dorset, Russell House Publication: 3-60. Carson, D. ( 1996 ) . Risking Legal Repercussions.Good Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management. H. Kemshall and J. Pritchard. London and Bristol, Pennsylvania, Jessica Kingsley: 3-12. Garrett, P.M. ( 2003 ) . Swiming with Dolphinfishs: The Assessment Framework, New Labour and New Tools for Social Work with Children and Families.British Journal of Social Work. 33, 441-463. GSCC ( 2002 ) . Code of Practice for Social Care Workers and Code of Practice for Employers of Social Care Workers. General Social Care Council. ( available at www.gscc.org.uk ) Hackett, M. C. Calder and S. Hackett, Eds. ( 2003 ) .Appraisal in Child Care. Using and Developing Frameworks for Practice. Dorset, Russell House Publishing. Holland, S. ( 2000 ) . The Assessment Relationship: Interactions between Social Workers and Parents in Child Protection Assessments.British Journal of Social Work. 30, 149-163. HSE ( 2002 ) . Five Stairss to Risk Assessment. Health and Safety Executive ( available at www.hse.gov.uk ) Kemshall, H. and Pritchard, J. , Eds. ( 1996 ) .Good Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management. London and Bristol, Pennsylvania, Jessica Kingsley. Milner, J. and Patrick O’Byrne ( 2002 ) . Appraisal in Social Work. Second Edition. Basingstoke, Palgrave. Parker, J. and Bradley, G. ( 2003 ) . Social Work Practice: Appraisal, Planning, Intervention and Review. Exeter, Learning Matters. Waterson, L. R. a. J. ( 1996 ) . Hazard for Whom? Social Work and Peoples with Physical Disabilities.Good Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management. Edited by H. Kemshall and J. Pritchard. London and Bristol, Pennsylvania, Jessica Kingsley Publishers: 80-92.

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Yellowfin Tuna Facts (Thunnus albacares)

Yellowfin Tuna Facts (Thunnus albacares) The yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is a large, swift fish that is known for its beautiful colors, graceful motion, and use in cooking as ahi and Hawaiian poke. The species name albacares means white meat. While the yellowfin tuna is the albacore tuna in France and Portugal, albacore is the name given to the longfin tuna (Thunnus alalunga) in other countries. Fast Facts: Yellowfin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus albacaresCommon Names: Yellowfin tuna, ahiBasic Animal Group: FishSize: 6 feetWeight: 400 poundsLifespan: 8 yearsDiet: CarnivoreHabitat: Worldwide in temperature and tropical waters (except the Mediterranean)Population: DecliningConservation Status: Near Threatened Description The yellowfin tuna gets its name for its yellow sickle-shaped tail, dorsal and anal fins, and finlets. The torpedo-shaped fish may be dark blue, black, or green on top with a silver or yellow belly. Broken vertical lines and a golden stripe on the side distinguish the yellowfin from other species of tuna. The yellowfin is a large tuna. Adults may reach 6 feet in length and weigh 400 pounds. The International Game Fish Association (IGFA) record for a yellowfin is 388 pounds for a fish caught off Baja California in Mexico, but there is a pending claim for a 425-pound catch, also caught off Baja. The yellowfin tuna has a sickle-shaped yellow tail and yellow finlets. Tigeryan / Getty Images Habitat and Range Yellowfin tuna live in all tropical and subtropical oceans except for the Mediterranean. They are usually found in water ranging from 59 ° to 88 ° F. The species is epipelagic, preferring deep offshore water above the thermocline in the top 330 feet of the sea. However, the fish can dive to depths of at least 3800 feet. Yellowfin tuna are migratory fish that travel in schools. Movement depends on water temperature and food availability. The fish travel with other animals of a similar size, including manta rays, dolphins, skipjack tuna, whale sharks, and whales. They commonly aggregate under flotsam or moving vessels. Diet and Behavior Yellowfin fry are zooplankton that feed on other zooplankton. As they grow, the fish eat food whenever it is available, only swimming more slowly when satiated. Adults feed on other fish (including other tuna), squid, and crustaceans. Tuna hunt by sight, so they tend to feed during daylight hours. Yellowfin tuna can swim up to 50 miles per hour, so they can capture fast-moving prey. The yellowfin tunas speed is due partly to its body shape, but mainly because yellowfin tuna (unlike most fish) are warm-blooded. In fact, a tunas metabolism is so high the fish must constantly swim forward with its mouth open to maintain sufficient oxygenation. While fry and juvenile tuna are preyed upon by most predators, adults are sufficiently large and quick to escape most predators. Adults may be eaten by marlin, toothed whales, mako sharks, and great white sharks. Reproduction and Offspring Yellowfin tuna spawn throughout the year, but peak spawning occurs during the summer months. After mating, the fish release eggs and sperm into the surface water simultaneously for external fertilization. A female can spawn almost daily, releasing millions of eggs each time and up to ten million eggs per season. However, very few fertilized eggs reach maturity. Newly-hatched fry are nearly-microscopic zooplankton. Those that arent eaten by other animals grow quickly and reach maturity within two to three years. A yellowfin tunas life expectancy is about 8 years. Conservation Status The IUCN classified the conservation status of the yellowfin tuna as near threatened, with a declining population. The survival of the species is important to the oceanic food chain because the yellowfin is a top predator. While its impossible to measure the number of yellowfin tuna directly, researchers have recorded significant drops in catch sizes that indicate diminished population. Fishery sustainability varies dramatically from one location to another, however, so the fish is not threatened throughout its entire range. Overfishing is most significant in the Eastern Pacific and Indian Ocean. Overfishing is the main threat to this species survival, but there are other problems. Other risks include plastic pollution in the oceans, increasing predation of young, and decreasing availability of prey. Yellow Fin Tuna and Humans Yellowfin is highly valued for sport fishing and commercial fishing. It is the primary species of tuna used for canning in the United States. Most commercial fisheries use the purse seine method of fishing in which a vessel encloses a surface school within a net. Longline fishing targets deep-swimming tuna. Because tuna school with other animals, both methods carry significant risk of bycatch of dolphins, sea turtles, billfish, seabirds, and pelagic sharks. Fishermen seeking to reduce bycatch use streamers to scare away birds and select bait and locations to minimize the chance of fishing mixed schools. A purse seine encloses a school of fish within a net. Dado Daniela / Getty Images Sources Collette, B.; Acero, A.; Amorim, A.F.; et al. (2011). Thunnus albacares. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T21857A9327139. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T21857A9327139.enCollette, B.B. (2010). Reproduction and Development in Epipelagic Fishes. In: Cole, K.S. (ed.), Reproduction and sexuality in marine fishes: patterns and processes, pp. 21-63. University of California Press, Berkeley.Joseph, J. (2009). Status of the world fisheries for tuna.  International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF).Schaefer, K.M. (1998). Reproductive biology of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the eastern Pacific Ocean.  Bulletin of the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission  21: 201-272.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Public health policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Public health policy - Essay Example Insufficient sleep, untimely eating and excessive use of sugar-contained drinks and alcohols trigger obesity. Similarly, junk food and soft drinks, which are highly rich in sugar, are also increasing the number of obese persons in the United Kingdom. Boseley (2014) points out that more than 70 per cent of adults are either overweight or obese in England. In other words, the overweight are those who are more prone and vulnerable to obesity if they continue with the same style of eating habit and living style. Cancer, diabetes and heart diseases are the main potentials effects of obesity (Boseley, 2014a). Boseley (2014a) further explains that the causes of cancer, which include obesity, alcohol abuse and sugar intake, will increase the cancer cases which could reach 25 million a year over the period of next 20 years as warned by the World Health Organisation. Moreover, the cases of diabetes and heart diseases will also increase as many adults do not give much consideration to their health and related issues as well. Aggregately, their rise will put more burden on the United Kingdom’s health index and health expenditure as more and more patients will register their case and take essential medical care and treatment from the primary health care units and other health venues. Obesity and weight gain are closely linked with psychological ill health (Ternouth et al., 2009). Healthy body and mind are highly essential for performing routine personal, social and professional activities and these activities are only effectively performed if mind properly regulates the supply of energy and other food requirements of different body parts and at the same time maintains psychological balance by avoiding any disorder. However, recent food eating habits and modern lifestyle prompt obesity and weight gain which create problems for mind and also severely affect the psychological balance. This graph clearly demonstrates the growing level of obese

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Topic Developement 3 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Topic Developement 3 - Essay Example Therefore, this study will attempt to answer the following questions: i. What is the legal definition of bankruptcy and what are the causes and consequences of bankruptcy? ii. What are the various forms of bankruptcy and what are the legal procedures applicable in declaring a company bankrupt? iii. What is the chronological evolution of bankruptcy in the USA? iv. What are the tendencies and signs pointing to bankruptcy of a company and what are the technical financial details of bankruptcy? v. How can bankruptcy be mitigated and what is the role played by other disciplines such as psychology and management in mitigating the effects of bankruptcy? Through answering these questions, it will be possible to thoroughly cover the concept of bankruptcy, right from its evolution to the current state, highlighting the tendencies and the signs indicating that a company is headed for bankruptcy, as well as addressing how the state of bankruptcy can be mitigated. Additionally, the role of certai n disciplines in addressing bankruptcy will be evaluated, to create an understanding of the interrelationships between various disciplines. This study will take the form of qualitative research design, where the historical background of bankruptcy will be analyzed, with a view to understanding the chronological changes in bankruptcy laws, up to the current laws applicable. The study will also take the form of a case study, where it will analyze the historical bankruptcy of certain companies in the USA. The focus of this analysis will be an inquiry into the causes of the bankruptcy, what laws and legal procedures were applied to declare those companies bankrupt and what were the consequences of the declaration of bankruptcy to the company and to tits stakeholders. Further, the study will engage in probing the attempts made by various companies to revive themselves from the state of bankruptcy, and how successful their strategies were, to revive the companies. The study will also enga ge in comparing bankruptcy for different companies, evaluating how such companies addressed the issue of bankruptcy and determining which companies were successful and which ones were not. In so doing, it will be possible to determine the most appropriate strategies that are applicable in addressing the issue of bankruptcy for companies. Additionally, the role of various disciplines such as psychology and management in helping the companies address their state of bankruptcy will be analyzed, with a focus to understanding the relationship between the concept of business, management and psychology. This will be followed by recommendations on how companies can address bankruptcy, based on the success factors identifiable under different company case studies. The effect of bankruptcy in the economy is yet another focus of this study. Bankruptcy offers an individual or an organization the opportunity to start afresh, through forgiving the debts that cannot be paid and strategizing on the way forward (Ekvall & Smiley, 2007). Additionally, the declaration of bankruptcy gives the creditors an opportunity to measure the extent of their debt repayment, based on the assets of the organization that are available. This way, the declaration of bankruptcy is beneficial to the economy, since it serves to untie and set free the resources held by the redundant business, which are then re-invested into the economy with much vigor (Ekvall & Smiley,

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Debut Albums and Dear Friends Essay Example for Free

Debut Albums and Dear Friends Essay Honorable Chief Guest of the day, distinguished guests for the occasion, teachers, parents and all my dear friends, this day 15th August of every year is a golden day engraved in the history of the world. We got freedom on this date and it is a day worth a celebration. When we celebrate it hoisting the flag, playing our National Anthem with enthusiasm, distributing sweets, we need to sail back into the past to remember and pay homage to the builders of our nation. My dear friends, we were the privileged lot to have been born in free India. We were able to breathe the fresh free air since our birth. If at all we want to know the pangs of agony of being slaves under a foreign rule, we must ask our elders born before 1947. It was indeed a Himalayan task for every Indian those days to fight against those powerful giants – the British rulers. We must not allow those hard times and struggles fade away from our memories. Hence it is befitting for us to celebrate such National festivals and recall those heroic deeds of our National heroes. We remember them today. Right from Mahatma Gandhi to the local patriotic leaders we owe our gratitude. When we regard those martyrs who laid their precious lives for our sake, we must not ignore the common people who sacrificed their lot for the good cause. There were farmers, land lords, businessmen, teachers, writers, poets and students who helped the land achieve the long cherished freedom.

Thursday, November 14, 2019

Greed of the Pardoner in Chaucers Canterbury Tales :: Pardoners Tale Essays

Canterbury Tales - The Greed of the Pardoner Throughout literature, relationships can often be found between the author of a story and the story that he writes.   In Geoffrey Chaucer's frame story, Canterbury Tales, many of the characters make this idea evident with the tales that they tell.   A distinct relationship can be made between the character of the Pardoner and the tale that he tells. Through the Prologue to the Pardoner's tale, the character of the Pardoner is revealed.   Although the Pardoner displays many important traits, the most prevalent is his greed.   Throughout the prologue, the Pardoner displays his greed and even admits that the only thing he cares about is money: "I preach nothing except for gain" ("Pardoner's Tale", Line 105).   This avarice is seen strongly in the Pardoner's tale as well.   In the Pardoner's tale, three friends begin a journey in order to murder Death. On their journey, though, an old man leads them to a great deal of treasure.   At this point, all three of the friends in the tale display a greed similar to the Pardoner's.   The three friends decide that someone should bring bread and wine for a celebration.   As the youngest of the friends leaves to go buy wine, the other two greedily plot to kill him so they can split the treasure only two ways.   Even the youngest decides to "put it in his mind to buy poison / Wit h which he might kill his two companions" (383, 384).   The greed, which is evident in the character of the Pardoner, is also clearly seen in the tale. Another trait that is displayed by the Pardoner and a character in his tale is hypocrisy.  Ã‚   Although the Pardoner is extremely greedy, he continues to try and teach that "Avarice is the root of all evil" (6).   The characters in his tale display great hypocrisy as well.   As the tale begins, the friends all act very trustworthy and faithful towards all of their friends.   They nobly make a decision to risk their lives while trying to slay their friend's murderer.   As they talk about their challenge, they pledge "to live and die each of them for the other, / As if he were his own blood brother" (241-242).   At the end of the tale, the "brothers" begin to reveal their true nature.   They all turn on each other in an attempt to steal the treasure for themselves.

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Englis Removalist Essay Essay

Engaging texts lead us to think about significant issues within society. Discuss with reference to your prescribed test and of at least ONE other related text. Significant issues within society are effectively explored through engaging texts. The two-act play ‘The Removalists† written by David Williamsons explores significant issues within society in Australia in the seventies. The significant issues discovered throughout â€Å"The Removalists† include abuse of power and corruption. Similarly the empowering film â€Å"Shawshank Redemption† directed by Frank Darabount, also explores issues within society. Unlike David Williamsons â€Å"The Removalists†, â€Å"Shawshank Redemption† explores similar issues within society in America, in the 1940s. A significant issue within society is corruption. Corruption was conveyed throughout the play â€Å"The Removalists†. This is evident when Simmonds states â€Å"We can’t handle anything big because there is only the two of us. We can handle anything small, but then again it’s hardly worth the effort if it’s small†. Even though Simmonds says this area is the geographical centre of crime, which portrays his contradicting statements. Since the sub-branch does not handle anything big or handle anything small, it indicates the corruption within the force. The character Simmonds again reflects corruption throughout the play when he says â€Å"I have never made and arrest in all my twenty three years in the force, Ross† Simmonds uses irony as Simmonds mentioned that this city has the greatest crime rate, and Simmonds is yet to make an arrest in all his time in the force. Through the character Simmonds, corruption is effectively explored throughout The Removalists. In a similar fashion, the social issue of corruption is evident throughout the film Shawshank Redemption. Corruption was evident in the beginning of the movie as throughout Shawshank items were being traded through the currenc y of cigarettes. The fast-paced panning motions were used to show that the trading was illegal but still completed with all the prisoners and some guards. Another way corruption is evident throughout Shawshank Redemption is through the character Andy as he stimulates a large part of corruption throughout Shawshank. â€Å"All I ask for is three beers a piece for each of my co-workers†. Since Andy is doing illegal work for the police Andy asks in a polite tone for something in return for the work he has done. Corruption is also evident when Norton asks another inmate â€Å"would you be able to testify before the judge?† Norton’s asks him in a friendly tone and a low volume so  Norton could let the inmate think he was his friend. The inmate told the truth, which led to the inmate being intentionally killed. This demonstrates in a similar fashion to The Removalists how the social issue of corruption is evident in Shawshank Redemption. The social issue of the abuse of power is evide nt throughout The Removalists. This is evident when Simmonds â€Å"bends down and hoist’s Fiona’s skirt up a little† and say’s â€Å"take a close-up one on her thigh†. Simmonds actions and words portray his abuse of power within the police force to pick on troubled Fiona. The alluring tone Simmonds’s used towards Ross to take a picture of Fiona’s thigh indicated his plan was to try and use his authority and power he has to seduce Fiona. The social issue of the abuse of power is again evident through the character Simmonds. When Simmonds arrests Kenny, Simmonds abuses his power by repeatedly punches Kenny. Simmonds uses force against Kenny when Kenny undermines him. â€Å"Pity about Kate. Sergeant. You would’ve been in like Flynn† Simmonds resorts to violence because he believes that he has the right to, because he doesn’t follow the rulebook. â€Å"Stuff the rule book up your arse†. Through the character Simmonds the social issue of the abuse of power is evident in The Removalists. Similarly, the social issue of the abuse of power is evident throughout Shawshank Redemption. The abuse of power is evident through the warden, Norton. â€Å"Nothing stops! Nothing! Or you will do the hardest time there is. No more protection from the guards† The high modality and commanding tone Norton uses is to remind Andy that he is still the boss, and that Andy is under Norton’s thumb. It also portrays the abuse of power as Norton who abuses his power as the warden in Shawshank by controlling Andy for his tax frauds. The issue of the abuse of power is again evident through Norton. â€Å"There’s going to be a book barbeque at the back if you say anything†. Norton threatens Andy to keep quiet or his six years of work in the prison to get the library will turn into ashes. Norton’s commanding tone to a beaten up Andy was to further intimidate and threaten him. The two acts committed by Norton towards Norton displays the social issue of the abuse of power throughout Shawshank Redemption. Through engaging texts significant issues within society are explored effectively. The texts â€Å"The Removalists† and â€Å"Shawshank Redemption† effectively explore and reflect the significant issues within society.

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Frank Mccourt: Angela’s Ashes

In this hard world where winning is more important than participating you would sometimes almost forget to be generous from time to time. But when I read Angela’s Ashes by Frank McCourt I got a completely different view on generosity and the importance of it. This memoir is about the miserable Irish Catholic childhood of the writer. And I think that after this essay you will see that acts of generosity can make the lives of the poor better and that those people afterwards can also help other poor people. Firstly, it were rough times for the McCourt family.Dad -Malachy- was drinking the dole, the family lived in a bad house and children kept dying. The only way the McCourt’s could keep their heads above water was getting help from others. One thing that helped them in their struggle for survival was the St. Vincent the Paul Society. On page 79 they get help for the first time. I quote â€Å"The man in the middle says he’s giving Mam a docket to get a week’ s groceries at McGrath’s shop on Parnell Street. There will be tea, sugar, flour, milk, butter and a separate docket for a bag of coal from Sutton’s coal yard on the Dock road. In my opinion this is generous because I think that generosity means to help someone without gaining profit from it yourself and the St. Vincent de Paul Society doesn’t get anything back for this. That this gift of the St. Vincent de Paul Society is very helpful for the McCourt’s is confirmed by this â€Å"Mam wipes her face at the back of her sleeve and takes the docket. She tells the men, God bless you for your kindness†(page 79). Even though they get some support from the St. Vincent de Paul Society the McCourt family didn’t have enough to be very happy or to not have hunger.Therefore it is very good that others also helped the family sometimes. Another gift that I found generous was that some shopkeepers also gave food to the family for free. â€Å"A few shopkeep ers give bread, potatoes, tins of beans†¦ † (page 90). This, in my opinion, is very generous because those shops are there to make profit and handing out food isn’t profitable for them at all. It’s however very helpful for the McCourt’s. Further on in the book you can also read that Angela could also get credit at Kathleen O’Connell’s shop. Mam says she can now pay off the few pounds that she owes at Kathleen O’Connell’s shop†¦ † (page 133). Of course you could say this isn’t real generosity because Mam has to pay the money back, but I think it is quite generous to give credit to a family that doesn’t have a steady income. Secondly, when Frank is a little older –at the age when he can start working- you can discover a different kind of generosity. The kind of generosity that is more like giving a fishing rod instead of a fish.The first time when you will encounter this type of generosity is w hen Aunt Aggie buys the new clothes for Frank for his job as a telegram boy. â€Å"She takes me to Roche’s Stores and buys me a shirt, a gansey, a pair of short pants, two pairs of stockings and a pair of summer shoes on sale. She gives me two shillings to have tea and a bun for my birthday. She gets on the bus to go back up O’Connell Street too fat and lazy to walk. Fat and lazy, no son of her own, and still she buys me the clothes for my new job† (page 392).I think this is generosity because he now has a suit in which he of course will make a better impression at his new job and he can start making money of his own. In my interpretation Frank appreciated this gift very much because he even cries from happiness â€Å"I turn towards Arthur’s Quay with the package of new clothes under my arm and I have to stand at the edge of the River Shannon so that the whole world won’t see the tears of a man the day he’s fourteen† (page 392). Then after a while he gets fired because he has to deliver a telegram to Mr.Harrington, but he gets falsely accused for stealing ham and sherry. Because of a generous deed of the parish priest he gets his job back. â€Å"She gets a letter from the parish priest. Take the boy back, says the parish priest. Oh, yes father, indeed, says the post office† (page 416). Then when he delivers a telegram to Mrs. Brigid Finucane she asked Frank if he can write letters to her costumers to give her back the money she had leant them. This job yielded him some extra money, so his trip to America came closer and closer. She says, I’ll give you threepence for every letter you write and another threepence if it brings a payment† (page 418). I think it’s very generous from Mrs. Finucane to give this job because it brings Frank closer to his target, going to America. Because of all these acts of generosity towards the McCourt’s and especially Frank McCourt they aren’t the poorest of the poorest. Because they aren’t you can discover some acts of generosity from Frank himself. One generous gesture by him was that he gave his raisin away. I wanted the raisin for myself but I saw Paddy Clohessy standing in the corner with no shoes and the room was freezing and he was shivering like a dog that had been kicked and I always felt sad over kicked dogs so I walked over and gave Paddy the raisin† (page 148). I think it’s very generous to give your food away to someone that has it even worse than you even if you don’t have much yourself. The quote says that Paddy has no shoes. Without acts of generosity towards Frank he probably wouldn’t have them either, so he would have probably eaten the raisin himself.Something else happens much later in the book and that is that Frank throws Mrs. Finucanes’ ledger in the Shannon. This means that a lot of people don’t have to pay her back. †Aunt Aggie’s name i s in the ledger. She owes nine pounds. It might have the money she spent on my clothes a long time ago but now she’ll never have to pay it because I heave the ledger into the river† In my opinion this is a very clear act of generosity because he helps a lot of poor people with this. This is maybe a bit like Robin Hood even.Finally, now we have had a look at how acts of generosity changes the course of events and of lives I think we can conclude that generosity can really change the life of some people. Wouldn’t the McCourt family have died from starvation without generosity? Would Frank McCourt have ever gone to America without generosity? Would Frank have ever been generous to others without generosity from others? I would answer no on all these questions. I also think that generosity leads to more generosity. I hope you will understand this when you look at the last paragraph, because Frank is generous because others have been generous to him.

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Word Subtraction

Word Subtraction Word Subtraction Word Subtraction By Sharon We all know you can form new words by adding existing words together, such as combining boat and house to make boathouse or houseboat. But did you know that a lot of common words are also formed by subtraction or taking a piece away from a longer word? The linguistic term for this is clipping. It means shortening an existing word to form a new word. The clipped form has the same meaning as the original word and becomes a word in its own right, rather than an abbreviation. This means it can be combined with other words to form compounds Here are some examples of clipped forms biopic biographical picture bra -brassià ¨re burger hamburger bus omnibus cello violoncello exam examination flu influenza fridge refrigerator gas gasoline gym gymnasium lab laboratory math mathematics (clipped to maths in British English) memo memorandum mob mobile vulgus (fickle crowd in Latin) movie moving picture pants pantaloons phone telephone piano pianoforte plane airplane pram perambulator sitcom situation comedy tie necktie typo typographical error There are lots more, of course, but these are clipped forms that have more or less replaced the longer original in everyday speech. Can you think of some others to add to the list? Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the General category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Inquire vs EnquireOne Sheep, Two Sheep, One Fish, Two Fish . . .A "Diploma" is not a "Degree"

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Using Control Statements in C

Using Control Statements in C Programs consist  of sections or blocks of instructions that sit idle until they are needed. When needed, the program moves to the appropriate section to accomplish a task. While one section of code is busy, the other sections are inactive. Control statements are how programmers indicate which sections of code to use at specific times. Control statements are elements in the  source code that control the flow of program execution. They include blocks using { and } brackets, loops using for, while and do while, and decision-making using if and switch. Theres also goto. There are two types of control statements: conditional and unconditional. Conditional  Statements in C At times, a program needs to execute depending on a particular condition. Conditional statements are executed when one or more conditions are satisfied. The most common of these conditional statements is the if statement, which takes the form: if (condition) {   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  statement(s); } This statement executes whenever the condition is true. C uses many other conditional statements including: if-else: An if-else statement operates on an either/or basis. One statement is executed if the condition is true; another is executed if the condition is false.if-else if-else:  This statement chooses one of the statements available depending on the condition. If no conditions are true, the else statement at the end is executed.while: While repeats a statement as long as a given statement is true.do while: A do while statement is similar to a while statement with the addition that the condition is checked at the end.for: A for statement repeats a statement as long as the condition is satisfied. Unconditional Control Statements Unconditional control statements do not need to satisfy any condition. They immediately move control from one part of the program to another part. Unconditional statements in C include: goto: A goto statement directs control to another part of the program.break: A break statement terminates a loop (a repeated structure)  continue: A continue statement is used in loops to repeat the loop for the next value by transferring control back to the beginning of the loop and ignoring the statements that come after it.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Geosynchronous Satellite Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Geosynchronous Satellite - Assignment Example Through this, the country can intensify the defense itself against terrorism and other attacks. Meteorologists can also monitor the weather conditions by using these GEO satellites, and this information can help pilots to plan their travel plans in a way that the weather will not affect their journeys. Also, its helps businesspersons to communicate effectively hence making them aware of the market for their products. Additionally, the effects of the ozone layer can be monitored through the GEO satellites and adequate measures taken to curb the health effects related to the destruction of the ozone layer. In GEO satellites, they are meant to stay there for life, and this will help future generations with artistic history from ancient times, that will live longer than humans will. This can be retrieved from the storage units of these satellites. Spiritually, the GEO satellites help religions to communicate with fellow worshipers all over the world and plan spiritual meetings. Thus, this assists the world to be united spiritually hence bringing about peace to its inhabitants (Breunig & Zlatanova, 2011). The need to respond to these natural human factors in a comprehensive manner affected the developed of a GEO satellite that could serve numerous purposes ranging from monitoring the weather to ensuring the security of a nation. GEO satellites were formed to stay far above the ground so that they cannot be tampered with and will a good view of the globe from all corners of the world. They contain rechargeable batteries that are charged by the sun hence they will always be working all day and night. This will ensure all this human factors are monitored all day and even at night when no one is watching, these satellites will capture all happenings and the responsive action taken whenever an issue arises. a) The Geosynchronous satellite has greatly influenced the population growth, lifespan/mortality and health in a great way. This has been achieved by the