Saturday, May 23, 2020

Recruiting at Bowles Hollowell Conner Co - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 9 Words: 2687 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? 1 Case Report: Recruiting at Bowles Hollowell Conner Co. Table of Contents Executive Summary Overview Discussion Relevant KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Importance and Ranks of KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Recommendations Conclusion Executive Summary Bowles Hollowell Conner Co. is one of the largest finance groups working since 1979. This company has come a long way in dealing, managing, and promoting big businesses all over United States. This paper is a case report in which will analyze and assist the recruitment department of the company to hire the best associates from the given candidates list. There are number of requirements and necessities for qualifying as an associate for the company. The candidates should have the enthusiasm to grow, demonstrate the ability to take on responsibilities and take initiatives to achieve the goals of the company. The company values both teamwork and diversity among employees. Hence, it is crucial that potential employees should be comfortable in working in a team setting, acting as leader, managing people and taking initiatives. Moreover, having excellent writing and research skills will reduce the chances of errors and allow clients to understand the provided information. Overall, th ese KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s are potential requirements for the job of associates. These skills and abilities will not only help in achieving the goals at BHC, it will also provide an opportunity to grow in the corporate ladder and become a managing director. In addition, these skills will be quite handy as it will allow the associates to organize their arguments into a plan, communicate with directors, manage, and motivate team members, negotiate with buyers, and develop client relationships. The recommendations made in this paper are according to the criteria of KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s. In addition, this report identifies, justifies and ranks the importance of each KSAO. Moreover, the criteria chosen will act as a recruitment standard for candidates. Finally, according to those candidatesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ education background and working experience, this report identifies and selects the top five candidates, who have the potential and will competent at this job. Recruiting a t Bowles Hollowell Conner Co. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Recruiting at Bowles Hollowell Conner Co" essay for you Create order Overview Bowles Hollowell Conner Co. (BHC) is one of the largest corporate finance groups in the United States. It was established in 1975 and quickly turned into one of the leading financial companies to cater to the banking needs of middle-market companies. BHCà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s core competencies included mergers and acquisition, private finance and valuations/advisory assignments. As a part of it, strategy BHCà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s goal was to become one of the top investment banks in the middle market. This goal was supported by its employees and management. Moreover, the growth of BHC was supplemented by its keen focus on the middle market. It focused on providing highly customized service to its clients. Another key element in BHC strategy was unquestionable commitment to its four founding principles that included: 1.Delivering quality services 2.Conducting extensive research 3.Not giving false hopes 4.Recruiting the best people These four founding principles were the key building blocks of the company. Moreover, the corporate culture at BHC was quite collegial and team-oriented. This was marked by mutual respect for each other at the company. In addition, BHC looked forward to sustaining their growth by improving on their marketing and areas functional expertise. Discussion With the growth of company, BHC required employees that could become its future inspiration and build the company to achieve its goals. It needed employees who wanted to join the company for the long-term basis and eventually become an equity partner. Being an associate was a challenging job at BHC. However, it was the stepping-stone towards the corporate ladder. As a result, Kelly Katterhagen, the Vice president at Bowles Hollowell Corner Co. is contemplating to identify outstanding candidates whom she can recommend to the Harvard Business School recruiting team. Ultimately, then the team could select the best-qualified candidates for interviews for the position of associates at BHC. In order to have the best candidates, Katterhagen realized it is important to hire people who align with organizational culture, business strategies, and the job description. To achieve success in the recruitment process, the candidates should be equipped with the necessary Knowledge, Skill, and A bilities (KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s) that fit the job requirement accurately (Heneman, Judge, Smith Summers, 2010). As a part of the job requirement for associates, there are specific KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s that are extremely important for the company and they should be kept in mind when selecting candidates for interviews. Relevant KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s To begin with, potential candidates should possess functional knowledge about the finance stream, as it is an important requirement to perform the job. Another reason is that it is an investment firm. Hence, it makes sense to hire individuals who belong to finance stream, as they would fit in the organizational design and structure. As the company is planning to increase its market share, it is important to have good marketing skills as well. This will help the company in the future for promotion in an effective way. It will also reduce its reliance on word of mouth. In addition, potential candidate should possess excellent analytical and numerical skills. This is because, associates are required to perform extensive analysis of the company and interpret financial data. This extensive analysis can only be performed by a person who has the ability to interpret and design financial models. Furthermore, candidates should possess excellent communication and interpersonal skills; bec ause as a part of the job, associates are required to engage prospective clients by creating a marketing pitch; hence having interpersonal skills will be beneficial. Moreover, it will allow the associates to organize their arguments into a plan, communicate with directors, manage and motivate team members, negotiate with buyers, and develop client relationships. Apart from that, being a team player is also a key criterion in the job. Since, BHC has a strong team-centered culture, it is imperative that the potential candidates possess this skill. This will allow the candidates to comfortably fit in the organization, foster team cohesion, and respect among employee. Moreover, having a prior team experience will allow the associates to manage employees, motivate them, and provide them with an opportunity to deal with strategical and management issues. Another key skill that candidates should have is good research and writing skills. This skill is also necessary, as the job requires drafting memorandums and other analytical reports therefore having excellent writing and research skills will decrease the chances of error. Some of the other abilities that are necessary as a part of the job requirements includes, developing and managing client relationships and new business ideas. These skills are of utmost important because as BHC is an investment firm, a large part of revenue is generated through managing clients. Hence, it is crucial that potential associates possess these skills. In preparing those comprehensive documents and presentations, associates must have a clear focus and attention to detail. Moreover, as associates they have to learn the multitasking abilities in every aspect, such as training, recruitment and management. Therefore, they must have a good time management skills and flexibility in dealing with the changing job demands. Importance and Ranks of KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s With the above-mentioned KSAOs listed and explained, it is also necessary to rank the importance of KSAOs so that Katterhagen can identify and recommend candidates to Harvard Business School recruiting team. The most important KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s include functional knowledge about finance stream. This is paramount to becoming an associate and any candidate that does not possess functional expertise should be not selected for further screening. Furthermore, according to National Occupation Classification of Canada, the job position of associate falls under Financial Analyst. Based on the occupational classification table, it is necessary that candidates should have prior knowledge of financial areas. In particular, a degree of Masters in finance stream would be a plus point. Hence, the knowledge aspect is of foremost importance in KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s that candidates should possess (HRSDC, 2011). In addition to the financial knowledge, candidates should also be able to dem onstrate their ability to conduct numerical analysis. This is the second most important skill that candidates should have. This is because, the job of associate is to interpret financial statements, develop financial models, perform data analysis, and write memorandum. Therefore, it is necessary that they have a knowledge and experience to perform this analysis and use appropriate tools to interpret the data. On the third rank, it is important to have interpersonal skills and teamwork abilities. This skill is extremely important to BHC. Reason behind is that the associates and other colleagues are required to work together as a team, discuss alternatives, display professional presentations, and engage with clients. As a result, BHC prefers to have candidates with excellent interpersonal skills, in particular communication skills, presentation skills, and organizational skills. Additionally, having excellent writing and research skills is also crucial for the job and it is the fou rth on the list. As a part of the job, associates are required to conduct thorough research on client companies, gather data, and write memorandums. Lastly, candidates should demonstrate various abilities in their personalities. Therefore, having the ability to manage and motivate team members, develop and build client relationship, develop new business ideas, perform multitasking, handling pressure and taking initiatives are also a key component in job requirement of the associates. Moreover, having candidates that best fit the above mentioned KSOAà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s would be a perfect fit for the organization and would able to yield positive outcomes for the company and long-term growth. Recommendations As Katterhagen, the candidates I would recommend to the Harvard Business School recruiting team are Glenn T. Mitchell, Mark Phillips, Jamie M. Palmer, Sean Flynn, and Christiana T. Wunderlich. To begin with, Glenn T. Mitchell would be one of the individuals in the top five categories. The reason behind recommending him is his prior work experience. As a consultant at The First Boston Corporation, he engaged in corporate finance activities, merger acquisitions, and strategic planning for clients in different industries. He successfully managed and developed client relationships. He also executed professional presentations for investors and chaired negotiations between client and lenders. All of the above skills show that he possesses strong analytical and interpersonal skills, extensive knowledge, and financial expertise in United States financial markets. Furthermore, while working at The Boston Consulting Group, he had gained hands on experience in writing, research, and rec ruitment process. In addition, he dealt with strategic and management issues and generated new business initiatives. Lastly, as part of varsity menà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s basketball team, he has the ability to work in teams and demonstrate leadership. As a result, all the KSAOs he possesses are transferable skills, which BHC highly values. Moreover, he would better align with company culture and ideology. The second candidate I would recommend would be Mark Phillips, his prior work experience at Lehman Brother as an analyst and his remarkable achievement of individually preparing pitching strategy for $1.8 billion for Dutch family business explains a lot. He has the ability to do multitasking and work under pressure. Moreover, his specialization in mergers and acquisition will be extremely beneficial for the BHC. While working at Walt Disney he developed marketing strategy. Hence, these experiences significantly align with the BHCà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s future growth strategies. Mark, t hrough his prior experience, has displayed excellent interpersonal skills, teamwork abilities, financial and numerical analysis, and business development. In addition, he has demonstrated initiative responsibility, by building a business of his own. Lastly, he had managed and developed relationships while working for street project. Hence, he is also a strong candidate for the position of associate and will be likely to generate revenue to increase market share. The third candidate I would recommend would be Jamie M. Palmer. Her previous working experience in the middle-market banking group enhanced her background knowledge related to BHC. She had teamwork experience and drafted a memorandum as an associate in corporate finance. Moreover, she has conducted an analysis of Fortune 500 companies, assisted in strategic planning, managed the bankà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s lending relationships, identified new business opportunities, took initiatives to develop business proposals and managed people. Therefore, she possesses all the financial and functional knowledge of the job that would be a strong contender for the position of associate. Moreover, the skills demonstrated by her would also be beneficial in the future role of managing director. Fourth candidate that I would recommend would be Sean Flynn. His prior three work experiences are all related to finance industry. This provides him the necessary tools to build a strong foundation for working at a financial group like BHC. He has conducted an analysis on mergers and acquisition. He has also developed comprehensive strategies to deal with business transactions. Moreover, he possesses excellent research skills, writing skills and teamwork ability. Through his time at Montgomery Securities, he took part in client management and negotiations. He also had served as a director of recruitment and training program. Therefore, his prior work experience reflects his strong ability to take on the role and lead the BHC i n the right direction. Fifth and the final candidate I would recommend to BHC would be Christiana T. Wunderlich. In her prior work experience, she has diagnosed problems, presented recommendations, and conducted extensive financial and numerical analysis for senior management. This shows that she has strong interpersonal and analytical skills. She was also responsible for the feasibility study of an $800 million joint venture in Czechoslovakia. Moreover, she drafted a package and negotiated with the Czechoslovakian government, which shows her ability to handle pressure, manage issues, and deal with clients. In addition, she led the establishment on national sales companies. Lastly, through her work she has demonstrated that she is a good writer and researcher as she had drafted reports for governments and clients. The rest of the candidates should be rejected for the position of associate. Although the candidates who are rejected have a potential, but they lack in certain KSAO à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s which are required for this job. The reasons behind the rejection of the candidates are as following: For Glaudius D. Thomas and Patrick D. Oà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢Brien; they both come from a military background. Although few skills might be transferable, yet most of the KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s would not match to BHC job requirements. For Rose Von Mehren, most of her experience showed her skills in implementing products development and marketing field. Hence, she may lack financial knowledge to assess the needs of BHC. In case of Pieter Van Der Meer, Winston S. Rutherford, and James D. Hennessey, they are fit for being an accountant based on their background and experience. As for Christopher R. Oà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢Neil, he had extensive financial experience, but he lacks the necessary interpersonal and communication skills that are necessary for the job. For John J. Marquez, he is a more fit for sales related job as his prior experience is geared toward sales and lack the necessary financial expertise for merger and acquisition assignments. For Jeffrey P. Nystrom, he has more experienced in operations and management information system hence the skills required at BHC does not align with his prior work experience. For Pierre Lacroix, his focus has been manufacturing and auditing work based on his past education and working background so he will not be the best candidate for BHC. For Edward Bristol, his concentrations were finance and general management that is helpful, but his experience was more focused on Information technology and MIS, so he does not possess financial expertise. Finally, for John R. Lucas, he is a very good financial analyst but he lacks attention to detail as errors were found in the resume. Conclusion Therefore, Katterhagen should focus on recruiting qualified individuals who possess the relevant knowledge skill and abilities. Moreover, by hiring the people that match the relevant KSAOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s would provide an opportunity to BHC to develop, grow, and increase their market share in future. References Heneman, H., Judge, T., Smith, V., Summers, R. (2010). Staffing Organizations, Canadian Edition. (2nd Ed.). McGraw-Hill Ryerson Higher Education. Human Resources and Skills Development Canada and Statistics Canada, (2011).National Occupational Classification 2011(971-1-100-20020-0). Data retrieved from website:

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Analysis Of The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka - 1490 Words

Metamorphoses are a concept commonly used in literature to show a characters profound change. The concept was used in The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, which is about a man named Gregor, who woke up one day to find out he had turned into a vermin. Following his discovery, he tried to go to work to support his family, which ended up revealing his new form. Gregor was locked in his room and slowly lost his humanity and connection to his family. Gregor eventually died alone in his room, and his family took it as a chance to restart after they realized they could support themselves without him (Kafka, The Metamorphosis). Within The Metamorphosis there is a prevalent Jewish folklore presence because of Kafka’s interest in the history of†¦show more content†¦The act of disappearing appeals to many different people, whether it is temporary or permanent, like Gregor. Gregor’s metamorphosis was not easy on the Samsa family for many different reasons, mainly because he w as the financial supporter of the family. Gregor had the job of a traveling salesman and was often not home. When he was home there was a lack of connection to it, as if Gregor had exiled himself from his family in order to support them (Kafka, The Metamorphosis). The disconnection from his own home could be seen with â€Å"the precaution he had adopted from his business trips, of locking all the doors during the night even at home† (Kafka 5). Gregor felt just as safe at home as he did in a strange hotel room, which emphasized a feeling of self-exile. Gregor shares no comfort in his home to the point of it being just another place. After his change, he could no longer go to work and his family moved on, everyone getting their own job and keeping Gregor locked up (or exiled) in his room. Sometimes Gregor would escape and either cause his mother to pass out or anger his father to the point of violence for escaping. Without being able to help the family, the Samsa’s and G regor felt as though he was a burden on the family. Grete, Gregor’s sister and the person he was closest to in the family, even said â€Å"it has to go,† not even acknowledging Gregor as a person let alone a member of the family. KafkaShow MoreRelatedThe Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka Analysis of the story â€Å"The Metamorphosis†, by Franz Kafka was2200 Words   |  9 PagesThe Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka Analysis of the story â€Å"The Metamorphosis†, by Franz Kafka was written back in the early 1900’s, but reflected a more modern way of thinking and lifestyle of today. Gregor felt that he was a slave to his job, isolated from his co-workers, and misunderstood by his family. Although that is the norm in today’s society, it was not the norm back then. In the story Gregor finds himself transformed into a cockroach and his internal struggles become a permanent reality. Read MoreAnalysis Of Franz Kafka s The Metamorphosis 3979 Words   |  16 PagesAustin Day Professor Imali Abala English 357 18 February 2015 The Theme of Alienation in Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis The Metamorphosis written by Franz Kafka in 1915 is said to be one of the greatest literary works of all time and is seen as one of Kafka’s best and most popular works of literature. A relatively short novel; the story explains how the protagonist, Gregor Samsa wakes up one morning to find himself transformed into a vermin which completely estranges him from the world even moreRead Moreâ€Å"Analysis of Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka938 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Metamorphosis† is an absurd novella written by the careful and self-conscious writer, Franz Kafka and narrated in third person omniscient by an anonymous figure who tells the story of protagonist Gregor Samsa in a neutral tone. The story was published in 1915 and is primarily about the effects of Samsa’s transformation into a large and monstrous bug. Kafka’s use of irony, symbolism and, major themes make a strong impact. The story takes place in a room of an apartment with no definite historicalRead MoreThe Metamorphosis Franz Kafka Analysis1067 Words   |  5 Pages In the metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, there are significant actions and transformations which make the story sad, and strange with a happy ending. Explanations that are dramatic events that intensify the excitement of all these actions. Reality and reflection play an important role in this story because the events that happened could be applied and assimilated with modern society. The story is very sad and realistic, some of the things that are related in Kafkas story can be found in modern familiesRead MoreAnalysis Of The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka920 Words   |  4 Pages And face it. No kid in high school feels as if they fit in. In correspondence to the questioning of belonging to a stereotypical teenage society, in the story, â€Å"The Metamorphosis,† by Franz Kafka, is a showing of how in a day-to-day â€Å"regular† lifestyle can result in the alienating of the metamorphosing of something not as typical in your self-styled day-to-day â€Å"regular† lifestyle. This also can be known as outsiders, people who do not belong to a particular group, signifying the argument that newcomersRead MoreAn Analysis Of The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka1003 Words   |  5 PagesThe metamorphosis, written by a German author Franz Kafka. Kafka and his Metamorphosis is a masterpiece of absurdist literature, but what is the most absurd part in this wh ole story ? Everyones first reaction may be human turn into beetles this setting could be the most absurd sense indeed, because this kind of transformation is never going to happen in reality. However, in the history of literature, there are numerous similar ‘metamorphosis’ plot happens between human and animals or plantsRead MoreAnalysis Of Franz Kafka s The Metamorphosis 1711 Words   |  7 Pagescertain theme that most readers can relate to. Franz Kafka, a renowned German-speaking fiction writer of the 20th century, uses a unique style of writing that many people believe is a telling of his own life story. In his well-known short story, â€Å"The Metamorphosis†, many similarities and connections can be seen between the main character, Gregor Samsa, and the author himself, Franz Kafka. A major comparison that can be made is the fact that both Samsa and Kafka died slow, lonesome deaths after being inRead MoreAnalysis Of Franz Kafka s The Metamorphosis1873 Words   |  8 Pageswriters take their creative control to emphasize the current state of the freedom and control of the individual. Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, various World War I poems, and Brecht’s Fear and Misery of the Third Reich show the lack of individual freedom and control that people had over their lives during the destruction that occurred in the 20th century. Published in 1915, Franz Kafka wasted no time in starting his discussion about freedom and control through the life of Gregor. After he awakes and realizesRead MoreAnalysis Of Franz Kafka s Metamorphosis1985 Words   |  8 Pagestruly seen? Does one view one’s external self, or do they see a reflection of past experience? Not many have the value of altruism, but some do. Sometimes altruism can turn extremist though, to the point where it can be a negative thing. In Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis, the main character Gregor Samsa is a workaholic that randomly one day awakens as a bug. Initially, Gregor sees himself with a condition, and then slowly tries to adapt to his bug transformation. Gregor did not put himself first when heRead MoreAnalysis Of Franz Kafka s The Metamorphosis 1087 Words   |  5 Pagesmercy were ignored. Franz Kafka’s novella is not about a dictator but it alludes to a person close to Franz that was as close to a dictator that he ever go to. Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, is about a young man that wakes up one day and is a vermin and has to maneuver around his home and come to terms with his six itchy legs. It probably sounds like a load of fictitious ramblings that somehow became a classical novel. Wrong! Look a little closer and the secret message Franz Kafka wrote for his father

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Animal Testing Is Morally Wrong Free Essays

Testing on Animals is Morally Wrong In today’s world, large corporations seem to have decided that animal testing is an acceptable way to produce products that are safe for human use at the expense of innocent animals everywhere. Sadly, with large-scale corporations focused far more on money and profit than on the wellbeing of, safety and health of animals of all kinds. The Government has completed hundreds of tests through out the years, and there has been very dismal proof that conducting the animal testing is benefit to humans, even though morally it is unspeakably wrong. We will write a custom essay sample on Animal Testing Is Morally Wrong or any similar topic only for you Order Now To better understand how humans started using animals to conduct product testing, it is important to look back into our history. In the past, animals were thought of as food and years later, we needed animals such as cattle and horses as a means of transportation by land and to help lighten the human workload. Years later it became possible to keep animals as pets and sources of entertainment. Now we have animals as companions and are thought of as members of our families: they are valuable and loved by many. Sadly, although the general population would never want to harm an animal, the corporate machine that functions all around the world runs on earning money based on the exploitation of people and animals. This goes against our current general outlook on the value of animal’s lives yet to mega corporations, these creatures have no legal voice or overpowering representation to save them from torture, abuse and death during product testing. There are two different kinds of animal testing. The first is animal experimentation, in which the laboratory animal may only have a minute or so of pain and discomfort. The second is called vivisection, which is the most inhumane form of animal testing. Vivisection is when an animal is tested on while not under any form of anesthesia to keep the animal from feeling pain. This form of testing is conducted when the animal is awake and feeling an incredible amount of pain. Both of these forms of animal testing are inhumane because even during the less horrific of the two testing processes, animals can sustain critical issues that come from the testing long after the tests are completed and the anesthesia has warn off. Although animals cannot speak for themselves, they desperately need human legal representation to act on their behalf as far as texting human products on animals that can threaten their wellbeing and lives. Due to the horrific animal abuses that happen in the US and abroad there are understandably many outraged animal rights activists that are involved organizations that work to stop animal testing. Since animals are obviously very different that humans it does morally makes sense to test products that are meant for human use and consumption. This can really hurt an animal and cause a lifetime of harm that we humans will never fully understand. There are many dangers to humans that are associated with animal testing as well. If a product or drug is tested on animals with no known side effects that product can then be sold for human use but because animals and humans are so different a new drug coming straight from animal testing will undoubtedly have a slightly different effect on the human than on the animal and sometimes the effect is very serious. If illness or death occurs then tax dollars that Americans pay to companies that use animal testing for new drugs will be wasted on a product that undoubtedly harmed animals and also humans. At the same time, animals that react poorly to testing can cause medicine or other products that could benefit humans from being distributed simply because humans and animals will react differently to different things. There are many companies that have decided to stand up for animals and test many products on humans instead of abusing animals during the testing process. This is particularly common when testing makeup; skincare products and hair care products. Companies that use natural ingredients especially, feel that they can safely test their products on humans. An entire market has been built upon the choice not to test on animals and people who care about animals will pay much more for products that were not tested on animals. It is my hope that more corporations especially will take a stand for animals and realize that their actions deeply harm animals and that money is ess important then the life of an animal. Research has proven that what works for them, does not necessarily work for us. I believe that it is a waste of American taxes to continue testing animals. Animals are a major part of our world and deserve more respect and care then they are currently given. It is my hope that we can stop cruel testing on animals and find new ways to test medicines and products that do not destroy the lives of animals. How to cite Animal Testing Is Morally Wrong, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Hitlers Rise to Power free essay sample

Such questions gave birth to schools of historical interpretation. These schools became well- known on their scrutiny of historical facts to the point where history became a specialized field with various focal points, such as linguistics, agriculture, cliometrics, culture, and many more. This essay will compare the analytical styles of the Annales and the Marxists historians. Although these schools recognize the superstructure of socioeconomic relationships, they have different approaches and motivations for their historical analyses which has changed the way history is studied. The Annales School is a group of historians who innovated historical research. They focused on properly documenting French history prior to the French Revolution. Prior to their research, french history was dominated by Marxism and was made up mostly from the vantage point of the leaders and other well known figures. The Annales vigorously opposed Marxism due to its tendency to discredit the natural causes and individualism that also play a major part in history. â€Å"But if out of smugness, or even cowardice, this battle is not fought? to its end, then take a look at the peoples five hundred years from? now. I think you will find but few images of God, unless you want to? profane the Almighty,† Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, Vol. 1, Chapter 10. This quote stands to prove that even through writing one can feel the motivation and genius behind this man. Even though his ideas were quite rational, they were delivered and explained in such a way that a person would be easily convinced. An example of how Hitler used his personality to his advantage is shown in the increase in the number of supporters of the Nazi Party between May 1928 and September 1930. In May 1928 the Nazi party had a total of 12 supporters. Then almost two years later, September 1930, the total number of supporters was 107. How did the supporters rise by 95 people in approximately 2 years? There was a sudden increase due to the fact that Hitler was allowed to resume giving public speeches in 1928. Obviously, his personal traits, and his brilliant speaking methods managed to persuade the public. Hitler having the ability to persuade a large number of people to support his party caused them to vote for him. Therefore, his personal qualities facilitated his rise to power. When Hitler couldn’t reach every person in the country, another technique was used, propaganda. Propaganda was an effective techniques used by Hitler to rise to power. Hitler used propaganda to convince everyone that a root cause of their problems. The Nazi Party used propaganda through various medias (radio, posters, films etc. ) and exploited the German population to believe that Hitler was some kind of God that could save them from the Jews. Not only did the Nazis use media as a method of Propaganda, they also used Adolf Hitler’s book Mein Kampf. Within this book, there were many techniques and ideas upon propaganda and how it should be used. â€Å"No amount of genius spent on the creation of propaganda will lead to success if a fundamental principle is not forever kept in mind. Propaganda must confine itself to very few points, and repeat them endlessly. Here, as with so many things in this world, persistence is the first and foremost condition of success,† this statement extracted from Mein Kampf Chapter 6, War Propaganda, declares that propaganda should be easy and quick to understand and repeated constantly. This is seen in the figures below, the ideas of demolishing the Jews, and abolishing them from Europe is constantly repeated. These ideas triggered Hitler’s rise to power because the repetition of the abolishment of the Jewish community caused the public to believe that the Jews were the reason they were living in the terrible conditions they were and that Hitler was the only one who could protect them, their â€Å"only hope†. Therefore, propaganda was used to influence the German population to be manipulated to support the Nazi Party, which led to Hitler’s rise. But how was Hitler funded to produce all of this propaganda? The funding of Hitler’s propaganda schemes played a major role in his rise. Without the funding, Hitler and the Nazi party wouldn’t have the ability to produce the various forms of media resulting in the failure of the Nazi Party. According to the book, Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler, written by Professor Anthony Sutton, the Nazi Party was funded by many major American companies, such as Ford. But Professor Anthony Sutton wrote that General Motors, Ford, General Electric, DuPont, and other U. S. companies intimately involved with the development of Nazi Germany were controlled by the Wall Street elite, such as the J. P. Morgan firm, the Rockefeller Chase Bank and to a lesser extent the Warburg Manhattan bank. This proves that Wall Street funded the propaganda produced by the Nazi Party, and helped Hitler come to power. With all that money, Hitler had the ability to produce end less quantities of media. Therefore, money played a minor role in Hitler’s escalation to power because the money funded the propaganda, which convinced people to stand behind Hitler and his ideas, which then won him votes and elected him to power. â€Å"He is guilty for the war! † Person pointing at a Jewish man. â€Å"He is guilty for the war! † Person pointing at a Jewish man. The Jew: The inciter of war, the prolonger of war. The Jew: The inciter of war, the prolonger of war.

Tuesday, March 24, 2020

Obesity Essays - Obesity, Body Shape, Bariatrics, Human Weight

Obesity Obesity also called CORPULENCE, or FATNESS, excessive accumulation of body fat, usually caused by the consumption of more calories than the body can use. The excess calories are then stored as fat, or adipose tissue. Overweight, if moderate, is not necessarily obesity, particularly in muscular or large-boned individuals. In general, however, a body weight 20 percent or more over the optimum tends to be associated with obesity. The body's ability to adjust food intake to body needs can be disturbed by numerous factors. Of these, hormone imbalances and glandular defects are believed to be of least importance, being demonstrable in only bout 5 percent of all obese individuals. Although obesity may be familial, suggestive of a genetic predisposition to fat accumulation, there is also evidence that early feeding patterns imposed by the obese mother upon her offspring may play a major role in a cultural, rather than genetic, transmission of obesity from one generation to the next. More generally, the distinctive way of life of a nation and the individual's behavioral and emotional reaction to it may contribute significantly to widespread obesity. Among the affluent populations, an abundant supply of readily available high-calorie foods and beverages, coupled with increasingly sedentary living habits that markedly reduce caloric needs, can easily lead to overeating. The stresses and tensions of modern liv! ing also cause some individuals to turn to foods and alcoholic drinks for "relief." Obesity may be undesirable from an aesthetic sense, especially in parts of the world where slimness is the popular preference; it is also a serious medical problem. Generally, obese persons have a shorter life expectancy; they suffer earlier, more often, and more severely from a large number of diseases than do their normal-weight counterparts. They are also more likely to die prematurely of degenerative diseases of the heart, arteries, and kidneys. More die of accidents and diabetes, and more constitute poor surgical risks than persons with normal weight. Mental health is also affected; behavioral consequences of an obese appearance, ranging from shyness and withdrawal to overly bold elf- assertion, may be rooted in neuroses and psychoses. The treatment of obesity has two main objectives: removal of the causative factors, which may be difficult if the causes are of emotional or psychological origin; and removal of surplus fat by reducing food intake. Return to normal body weight by reducing calorie intake is best done under medical supervision. Dietary fads and reducing diets that produce quick results without effort are of doubtful effectiveness in reducing body weight and keeping it down, and most are actually deleterious to health. (See dieting.) Obesity is to be distinguished from overweight caused by edema (excess retention of fluids) stemming from various diseases.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Wickedness in the tribe of Benjamin

Wickedness in the tribe of Benjamin Free Online Research Papers The last three chapters of the book of Judges contain a very tragic story of the wickedness of the men of Gibeah and the tribe of Benjamin. The tribe of Benjamin was severely punished and was almost entirely cut off from the rest of the tribes. Chapter 19 speaks of a Levite who took to himself a concubine. A concubine was a sort of secondary wife; and that such connections were not disreputable, being according to the general custom of those times. This is seldom practiced today although it is still widely practiced in certain countries. The Levite’s concubine was unfaithful and she returned to her father’s house. Today, the cases of unfaithfulness and infidelity are numerous so much so that it has become something that is not surprising anymore. We hear about it almost everyday ranging from celebrities to neighbors and friends. The host of the place where the couple was staying was willing to make a proposal relative to his virgin daughter in order to defend the guest that was at his home. This also does happen in these days where parents are willing to give up their children whether to sell their son to the slave market or their daughters to prostitute homes in order that they have money. The wicked men want ed to have sex with the Levite man. This shows they were homosexual which is very common today. This phenomenon has become so common that it no longer shock us much when we hear about it. The Levite man took his concubine most likely by force and violence and gave her to them in order to save his body. They raped and abused her all night and dismissed her at dawn. The Levite then took her home and cut her into twelve pieces and sent the pieces to each tribe. This is evidently widely happening in the modern day scenario. There had been too many cases of girls being raped and abused and then murdered just to satisfy their lust. Newspapers these days are full of reports on these gruesome and inhumane acts. At the end of the book the Israelites took a vow not to give their daughters in marriage to the Benjamites. So the Benjamites seized and carried off the women who danced at the feast and the women became their wives. This is hardly practiced these days because there aren’t many vows whereby a woman shouldn’t be given into marriage to a certain tribe or race. Research Papers on Wickedness in the tribe of BenjaminCanaanite Influence on the Early Israelite ReligionPersonal Experience with Teen PregnancyTrailblazing by Eric AndersonEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionHarry Potter and the Deathly Hallows EssayHip-Hop is ArtThe Spring and AutumnThe Effects of Illegal ImmigrationBook Review on The Autobiography of Malcolm X

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Maritime economics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Maritime economics - Essay Example I will touch and elaborate on the main issues I was asked to analyze which is to identify and explain the shipping demand and supply factors in the July 2011 dry bulk report. Details Overview: The market for Cape decreased gradually throughout the month of July, however Panamax and Supramax and their vessels outdo those of the Cape. There was a notice of the Baltic Exchanges’ average 4TC profits for Cape-like ships declined from $12,372 at the end of last month to a surprising low of $9,408 at the end of July. Likewise, Panamax 4TC percentage demolished from $12, 823 to $12, 060 and Supramax went from $13,161 each day. Crude steel manufacturing in June was 127.7m tons and 1 year ago was at 118.3m. Noted congestion: Findings that Brazil ore ports because of the abundant decline in the sum of vessels and the time spent waiting on deliveries, however some improvements have been recognized in the material at the coal port of Queensland including less traffic. Europe steel pricing goes unaltered but there was a minor increase in only China. Iron ore imports for June in China approximately 51.1m tons and 47.2m 1 year prior. Brent and W.T.I. crude oil costs expanded more so by July 29th with W.T.I. closed at $96 and Brent at $116/bbl. Improvement in coking coal accessibility with enhanced output from Queensland and spot steam coal costs stayed the same for the most part. 10% increase in grain costs due to buyer anxiety on US grain forecasts. Since the increase in Brent cost Bunker cost increased as well. Costs for Rotterdam at the end of July were $657/mt IFO 380cSt and at the end of June were $615 and with MDO it was $972/mt while $910/mt in June. Additional information: Concluded findings of Gibson report: Service marketplaces continue to have a little anxiety. For 1, the investment and liability crunch in the West has gotten worse. Massive EU monetary aid was intercepted by Portugal, Greece, and Ireland with Italy and Spain not far behind within the countrie s noted in report that possibly need assistance, too. Brinksmanship been caused by amplifying countrywide dues within the US along with a deterioration in the rate of the US buck, and the stock market has slipped with a strong possibility that the US will lose its ‘Triple A’ position. The outlook on the budget for the West remains gloomy with mention of a likely double dip depression. DRY BULK STRATEGIES AND INFORMATION: Bulk Shipping Advantages: Modern day bulk: Even though sea shipping services of bulk goods started in the 17th century, and this particular strategy is a huge industry and progressing monthly, yearly with close to 9,000 different carriers competing in some way. Yet there are some concerns in this industry and how they need to be resolved. What strategies need to be implemented: Identify ways to reduce shipping costs through transporting bulk trade and raising the amount of cargo on these vessels because the larger more powerful ships have a lower unit c ost and when these bulk items are lower so is cargo labor and room. Another concept we have transiting to is moving completely away from barrel shipments and use nonglossy wrap on bulk instead. We currently aim to include this innovative way of

Tuesday, February 4, 2020

Beach Trinkets E-Mail Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Beach Trinkets E-Mail Policy - Essay Example This policy will govern any e-mail sent through company e-mail system. It applies to all the employees (full-time as well as part-time), interns, clients, suppliers, agents, and other stakeholders of the company. The e-mail policy applies to any location where the company e-mail is used, and includes, but is not limited to homes, airports, and hotels. The Company reserves to the right to make changes to the policy. Any case of changes in the policy will be communicated to the users appropriately. Violation of the policy will be dealt with seriously and may include actions up to and including termination. The e-mail system of the company is meant only for business purposes. Employees may use their e-mails for personal purposes, but such usage is limited to communicating with family members during work breaks only and should make sure that this does not hinder work performance or business needs. The e-mail shall not be used for purposes like job search, promotion of a religious, or a p olitical cause, or for personal gains. However, employees shall save their personal e-mails in a separate folder named â€Å"Private†. This folder shall be cleaned once a week in order to prevent unnecessary load on the company’s e-mail system. Use of e-mails services by companies like (Yahoo!, Gmail, Hotmail or others) is prohibited. The employees shall ensure these necessary conditions while sending an e-mail: The e-mail messages sent, received, or transmitted using e-mail is provided by the company are the property of the company, and the employees have no reasonable expectation of privacy. The company reserves the right to monitor, inspect, copy, review, store, edit, and delete any and all e-mails transmitted via the company’s e-mail system. Any content created, downloaded, or uploaded through the company’s e-mail system is liable to be under company’s scrutiny.

Sunday, January 26, 2020

Brazilian Culture And Society

Brazilian Culture And Society The Portuguese populated Brazil in 16th century introduce African slaves to the nation. Further European, Asian, Middle Eastern group have departured established in this country. The native Guarani and Tupi citizens are also included in the people as well. In the present day Brazil has a relatively different background ethnicity too. As seen the language used by Brazilians quite varies. Brazilian Language Brazil Culture Society: Brazilian Multiplicity: Brazil is a blend of race ethnicities, resultant in prosperous multiplicity. Numerous unique Portuguese settlers wedded local women, which formed a original race, call mestizos who be descendents of the Portuguese African slaves. Slavery was abolished in 1888, created over instance an additional blur of cultural outline. Brazilian had intermarried to the tip that it at times seem too approximately everybody has a blend of African, European resident parentage. Brazilians Family unit ethics: The family is base of societal construction form the foundation of constancy for most citizens. Family tends to be big and the wide-range family is relatively close. The individual derive a social network support in era of necessitate from the family. Discrimination is considered as an optimistic thing while it implies that by employing individual one knows trust is of prime importance. The Brazilians Class System: In spite of mixing of ethnicities here is a class system in Brazil. The minority Brazilians possibly will describe as racially prejudiced even though community unfairness on the base of outer covering color is every day happening. On the whole group of darker brown skin people are economically and socially underprivileged. The Middle as well as Upper class groups frequently has only make short contact with the Lower class groups i.e. typically drivers, maids etc. Lower Class is resolute by economic status as well as skin color. There is an immense differentiation in earnings differential so the lifestyle social aspiration amongst the different classes. Even though women being 40% of the Brazilians workforce they are only found in lower salaried job i.e. Teaching, Nursing Administrative support. In 1988 establishment prohibit preferential treatment not in the favor of womens but inequality still continue living. The one place where women have achieved e quality is in government. Etiquettes and Customs in Brazil Meeting Etiquette: Men shake hands while greeting one another and maintain stable eye contact. Women in general kiss each other initiate with the left and irregular cheeks. Hug Backslapping are ordinary greetings among Brazilians friends. And in case if a woman desires to shake hands with a man then she needs to extend her hand initially. Gift Giving Etiquettes: If invited at Brazilians residence, get the hostess flowers or can even get a small gift. Orchids are considered to be one of the best gifts but always avoid the purple ones. Keep away from giving anything that is black or purple as these are sorrow colors. Even handkerchiefs are associated with funeral so it does not make good gift. Dining Etiquette: whenever you are invited to a Brazilians residence arrive at least 30 minutes before the given time for dinner where in there is a party or gathering arrive atleast 1hr late. They dress-up with a style judge others on their looks. Always dress sophisticatedly and go wrong on the side of over-dressing instead for under- dressing. If you dont get a gift to the hostess then too next day flowers are always appreciated. Business Etiquettes and Protocol in Brazil Communication Relationships: Brazilians need to understand as in how they are doing business with before they work successfully. Brazilians are in favor of personal meetings to written communication as it helps them to understand the individual with whom they do business. The personality they deal with is more significant than the company. As this is a group culture so it is important that you do nothing to disgrace a Brazilian. Criticizing an individual personality makes the person to lose face with in front of others in meeting. The one who makes the criticism also loses face as someone has disrespected the unwritten rule. Communication is at times informal does not depend on strict rules of protocol. Anybody who feels that he/she has something to say will normally add their view. It is considered good enough to disturb someone who is doing verbal communication. Here head to head verbal communication is favored over the on paper communication. But at the similar time when it comes to business agreement Brazilians claim on drawing up detailed legal contracts. Business Negotiation: Brazilians are more satisfied doing business with the people company they already know. Wait for your Brazilian colleagues to move up the business matter. Never rush the relationship- building occasion. Brazilians take time when there is a chance of negotiation. Do not rush them or seem to be annoyed. Expect an immense deal of time to be exhausted review information. It often happens that the people with whom you negotiate with will not have supervisory authority. It is always sensible to appoint a translator if youre Portuguese is not smooth. Use local lawyer accountant for discussions. Brazilians resent an external legal presence. Brazilians business is hierarchical. Decisions are always made by the highest-ranking individual. Brazilians discuss with people not with company. Never change the negotiation team you have choose before or you will have to start it all again from the beginning. Business Meeting Etiquettes: Business activities are essential can frequently be listed on short notice however it is considered best to make them in advance by two to three weeks. Authenticate the meeting in written. It is not unusual for the appointments to get cancelled or altered at the end moment. In Brasilia Sao Paulo it is very essential to arrive on time for meetings. Where as in Rio de Janeiro other cities it is appropriate if u arrive a bit late in meeting. Do not seem to be irritated if you are kept waiting. Brazilians perceive time as something outside their control demands of relationships takes priority over adhere to a strict schedule. Meetings are in general rather informal. Expect to be interrupted whereas you are talking or making a presentation even avoid confrontation. Never appear to be frustrated in front of your Brazilian colleagues. Dress Etiquettes: Brazilians feel pride on themselves by dressing well. Men should always wear conventional, dark colored business suit. As the three-piece suit typically indicate that someone is a director. Women should always wear suits or dresses which look elegant feminine with fine quality of accessories. Manicures are always expected. Business Cards: Business cards are always exchanged during introduction with each one at a meeting. It is sensible to have the additional business card which is being translated into Portuguese. Present the business card with the Portuguese side facing the beneficiary. Social issues in Brazil Poverty: Poverty in Brazil is on the whole visually represented by various faceless, slums in the countries urban areas remote upcountry region that undergo through economic underdevelopment below similar standard of living. An attempt to lessen these problems is the Fome Zero hunger-eradication program [2]implemented by the President Luiz Inà ¡cio Lula da Silva in the year 2003. Part of this is Bolsa Famà ­lia a most important anti-poverty program which provides money directly to the impoverished families to keep their kids in schools. The Government of Lulas compact the poverty rate by 19.8% based on labour income during the year June 2002 June 2006 according to Fundaà §Ãƒ £o Getà ºlio Vargas. In the year June 2006, 18.57% was rate of depression of inhabitants. The rate of poverty is in division credited to the countries economic differences. In the Gini coefficient index Brazil ranks 49.3% with the richest 10% of Brazilians receiving 42.7% of the nations earnings while the poorest 10% obtain less than 1.2% only. In the Gini coefficient index of inequality assessment Brazil ranks worlds highest. A study on the subject show that the poor part constitute approximately one third of the population the extremely poor make out about 13% 2005 figures. However the same study shows the income growth of the poorest 20% inhabitants segment to be almost in equality with China where as the richest 10% are stagnate. Reduction: Brazil might achieve social indicator similar to that of developed nations by 2016 if the country is capable enough to maintain the similar rate of reduction of intense poverty income disparity as recorded in the year 2003 to 2008. By the similar token the country may record an absolute shortage rate of 4%. The information was taken from a file issued by The Institute of Applied Economic Research linked to Secretariat of Strategic Affairs of the Presidency of the Republic. Public is considered exceptionally poor who earn up to 25% of one minimum wage for each month whereas the utterly poor earn up to 50% of one minimum wage for each month. If we make a projection of the finest performance lately recorded in Brazil in terms of poverty inequality reduction 2003-2008 period to the year of 2016 the result would be a very optimistic social viewpoint. Brazil may practically overcome the problem of intense poverty as well as accomplish a national total poverty rate of only 4% w hich means its near-eradication, the article states. The mass of the advancement achieve by Brazil in fighting poverty inequality is moreover directly or indirectly connected to the structuring of public policies of social intervention provided for in the federal constitution of 1988. The Ipea even points out three additional important factors to combating poverty inequality they are: Increase in social expenditure in the country which went from 19% of the Gross Domestic Product in 1990 to 21.9% of the GDP in 2005. Delegation of social policy with an inclusive role played by municipalities in the implementation of social policies as their contribution of social expenses rose 53.8% from the year 1980 to 2008. Social participation in the formatting management of social policies. According to the institution the institutional consolidation of the framework of social laws in Brazil would be a significant step towards maintaining in coming years the brawl against scarcity disparity in the country. It is essential that a new law be passed regulating social responsibility assure with funds, goals, coordination timetable .So that Brazil may attain social indicator alike to those presently seen in urban country. All of that must obviously obtain place with no backlash in conditions of contribution of society in the monitoring, formatting control of public policies. The Brazil Federal Government has also implemented expanded major subsidy programs in last few years such as Fome zero bolsa familia. It is for families deemed to be in the need of help support. Brazil has severe trouble with offence. It is roughly 23.8 homicides for each 1,00,000 inhabitants, muggings, robbery, kidnapping gang aggression are very common. Police brutality corruption are common. In response to all this the Brazilian Government established The National Public Security in June 2004 by the ministry of justice to do something in situation of urgent situation in times of disaster. CULTURAL ASPECT Heritage: In Brazil the National Institute for Historic and Artistic Heritage1 keeps documentation of buildings certified as historic urban centers, structures condominiums, archaeological sites, over one million stuff including a cinematographic, a thousand bibliographic volumes, musicological collection, archival documentation, video graphic records photographic in addition to that the Worldwide Heritage. The Iphan classify the Cultural Heritage of Brazil into two groups: Intangible Heritage: It is the one whose representation, information, practices, expressions techniques, items, artifacts, instruments sites are acknowledged by the community as an essential part of their cultural heritage. It is agreed on from age group to age group it is continuously recreated by community based on their surroundings i.e. communication with nature history. This procedure generates a feeling of individuality continuity. The Brazilian catalogue of intangible assets includes the Samba Centers in Rio de Janeiro ,the feasts Cà ­rio de Nossa Senhora de Nazarà ©, Frevo (Dance), Feira de Caruaru, the handicraft form of preparing the Minas Cheese ,Capoeira (Martial Art). Tangible Heritage: It comprises of the combination of cultural assets classified in accordance to their nature in the four Books of Certified Historic structure:- Applied arts and archaeology Historic Landscape and ethnography. Fine arts. The material assets comprises of the Architectural combination of historic cities:- Ouro Preto (MG) Paraty (RJ) Olinda (PE) Grutas do Lago Azul and Nossa Senhora Aparecida (Bonito MS) The Corcovado (Rio de Janeiro RJ) Sà £o Luà ­s (MA) landscapes such as Lenà §Ãƒ ³is (BA) Serra do Curral (Belo Horizonte MG). Literature Brazils poetry, drama fiction account for about partially the literary output of Latin America planned by the amount of title of individual books. Bookish advancement in Brazil approximately follows the countries most important chronological period characterize frequently by writing in the Baroque Arcadian styles The National Period since 1822. Many prominent writers of the Colonial Period were Jesuits who got fascinated by the new land its native inhabitants. Writers Year Creation Gregà ³rio de Matos 1623 to1696 Poetry layered on lyricism and mysticism Josà © de Alencar 1829 to 1877 Iracema about Indians, O Guarani, a historical novel, and novels on regional, social, and urgan affairs Castro Alves 1847 to 1871 Wrote about African slaves Gonà §alves Dias 1823 to 1864 Who wrote about Indians Tomà ¡s Antà ´nio Gonzaga 1744 to 1810 Lyric and epic poems Raimundo Correa 1860 to 1911 Parnassian triad Manuel Antà ´nio de Almeida 1831 to 1861 Initiating picaresque literature in Brazil Joaquim Manuel de Macedo 1820 to 1882 A Moreninha, a popular story Alfredo dEscragnolle Taunay 1843 to 1899 Inocà ªncia Olavo Billac 1865 to 1918 Parnassian triad The prose of Euclides da Cunha 1866-1908 was committed to be a Brazilian literature portrays social realities. Machado de Assis 1839-1908 widely acclaim as the greatest Brazilian novelist of 19th century. Machado de Assis was unique because of the universality of his novel essays is considered one of the most vital influential writers of fiction in Brazil. In the beginning of the 20th century innovative state of mind imbued Brazilian artists culminating in the celebration in Sà £o Paulo of The 1922 Week of Modern Art held. These new way thoughts propelled an artistic revolution that appealed to the feelings of pride for national ancestry, folklore history. The leader of the literary phase was Mà ¡rio de Andrade from 1893-1945 who wrote Brazilian folklore, poems, fine art, essay on literature, melody Macunaà ­ma which he named rhapsody not a novel. The writer Oswald de Andrade from 1890-1953 wrote a collection of poetries entitled Pau-Brazil which assess Brazil culture, superstition, first time in Brazilian poems with hilarity. Jorge Amado first novelist who translated into 33 languages were heavily prejudiced by his belief in Marxist thoughts concentrated on the suffering of workforce on the cocoa plantation which had received worldwide approval. There are few other significant Brazilian writers. They are as follows: Gilberto Freyre from the year 1900 to1987 is author of Casa Grande Senzala i.e. The Masters and The Slaves. It is a perceptive learning of Brazilian society. Joà £o Cabral de Melo Neto the best known Brazilian poets. His poems are sober ,he also uses terms with the precision in building material. Vinicius de Moraes known worldwide from the year 1913to1980. His poems became part parcel of the bossa nova musical movement which is produced to be a new style of samba the classically Brazilian beat. And also wrote play i.e. Orfeu da Canceicao, it became internationally famous as film Black Orpheus. List of Poet Novelist who are Living or Recently Deceased: Living or recently deceased novelist Living or recently deceased poet Orà ­genes Lessa Raul Bopp Adonias Filho Murilo Mendes Érico Verà ­ssimo Augusto Frederico Dinah Silveira de Queiroz Schmidt Lygia Fagundes Telles Mà ¡rio Quintana Herberto Sales Cassiano Ricardo Rubem Fonseca Jorge de Lima Clarice Lispector Ferreira Gullar Dalton Trevisan Cecà ­lia Meireles Nà ©lida Pià ±on Augusto de Campos Osman Lins Haroldo de C Paulo Coelho Moacir Scliar Music Brazils origins the Indians with red flutes Portuguese with singers viola players, and the Africans with their many thrilling rhythms make it a musical country. From the classical compositions of Villa-Lobos, to the soft sounds of bossa nova to the driving beat of samba, Brazil has developed music of striking sophistication, quality, and diversity. The Jesuits made use of the music to catechize the Indians by replacing the original words with religious ones using the Tupi language. They also introduced the Gregorian chant and taught the flute, bow instruments, and the clavichord. Music accompanied the sacramental ceremonies which were performed in village and church plazas. Dance called Lundu used by Negro slaves is considered to be one of the most importan. It was one of the popular musical forms it was even sung in the Portuguese C musicourt. In the second half of the l8th century during the 19th century the sentimental love song called the modinha was popular it was sung both in Brazils salons. By the end of the century, Carlos Gomes from the year 1836 to 1896 produced a number of operas in the existing Italian fashion especially Il Guarany an opera ease on a well-known Brazilian novel by Josà © de Alencar. The first Brazilian composer Brasà ­lio Itiberà ª from the year 1848 to 1913 was to use a well-liked national motif in erudite music. In the year 1869 he composed A Sertaneja which was played by Franz Liszt has remained active in the piano repertoire. Brazils popular music developed similar to the classical music it also united traditional European instruments guitar, piano flute with a whole rhythm part of sound produced by frying pan, tiny barrels with a membrane a stick inside that make wheezing sounds tambourines. In the period of 1930 popular Brazilian music played on radio became powerful means of mass communication. The best composers of the period 1903 to 2963 were: Noel Rosa Lamartine Babo Ary Barroso In the year 1968 during the period of autocracy, urban guerrillas anxiety of about how to alter the political structure. The Tropicalists appear Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil Gal Costa. Tropicalism is described as a combination of national rhythms along with international music. He has his own creations and they are Lyrical, intellectual with faster tempos fuller rhythms than bossa nova. Brazils popular regional music includes the forrà ³ from northeast region where the accordion the flute join guitars percussion in a foot-stomping countryside dance. The frevo also from the northeast region which has a lively simple style. the chorinho from Rio which combines various type size of guitar, flutes, percussions an occasional clarinet or saxophone in a tender form of instrumental music international successful lambada. Lambada dance got its name from Portuguese. Labana is a sensual fast paced dance form; it is named out of a Portuguese verb which means to whip or flog which means smacking of the thigh alongside another thigh. Samba is one of the most seductive and popular rhythm of Brazil. The exact origin of samba is still a mystery. It is still said that samba has originate in the streets of Rio de Janeiro and it also had the contribution from various other cultures such as Portuguese nation songs, African tunes, and one of the Indian fast footwork. It is believed that samba is just an African origin and that it is evolve from the batuque, it is a music based done by beating instruments and hand clapping. Now a days Brazilian music had become popular is exploring new rhythms melodies. Its interpreters and composer use all possible sources to grab different kinds of music in the Brazilian songs so as to make Brazilian music more famous and popular to its world audience. Some of its famous performers are as under: Maria Bethania. Alcione Roberto Carlos. Cazuza, Ney Matogrosso Rita Lee Milton Nascimento Hermeto Pascoal Fafà ¡ de Belà ©m Chità £ozinho and Chororà ³ Elba Ramalho Alceu Valenà §a Luiz Gonzaga Luiz Gonzaga Jr. Joà £o Bosco Djavan Ivan Lins Marisa Monte Elis Regina. brazilian music ARTIST ARE PERFORMING A DANCE ON BRAZILLIAN MUSIC

Saturday, January 18, 2020

Project Managers

With the rapid advances currently being made in information technology there has now become an increased need for Project Managers. The scale and number of projects has increased thereby increasing the risk associated with these projects. With this in mind the choosing of project managers with the required skills to ensure the successful completion of projects has become critical and organizations have recognized that the choosing of the right individual to lead a project can have a significant bearing on the success of the organization. There are countless project management certifications, methodologies and text books that give their own interpretation of what us considered a â€Å"best practice† and every methodology can bring value if applied appropriately. Methodologies are better viewed as valuable frameworks or toolkits from which a skilled and experienced Project Manager can select the relevant components, probably different components for different projects, and apply them where appropriate, not just for the sake of it or because it says so in the manual. So, if the methodologies and certifications only make up a part of the profile of a good project manager, what the other attributes and traits do we consider to be most important in a project manager?AdaptabilityAn often-used word, but project managers need to be able to react to change. They need to be dynamic, flexible and adaptable. Of course, setting out a comprehensive plan, with clear dependencies, milestones and completion dates is a key part of project planning but if all that was required to be a successful project manager was to set out a plan at the outset and then sit at the tiller and gently steer the project team through the plan, everybody would be doing it. When the inevitable happens and the risk becomes an issue, or the customer changes their requirement, or a key engineer resigns, this is when good project managers really come into their own. The ability to react quickly, to have an answer before most people have even realized what the question is and to have a contingency plan, a Plan B and a Plan C sets good project managers apart.PragmatismThe Project Manager who constantly falls back on, or some might say hides behind, process is unlikely to prosper in the real world. We'd all like to deliver our projects to the letter of a recognized methodology, but if it was as simple as just obtaining a PRINCE2 or Agile certification and then carrying the manual around with you, good project managers wouldn't command the salaries they do. A successful project manager will balance the essential process and rigor with the need to be pragmatic at times and to bend the rules occasionally. There's no room for mavericks when delivering large enterprise projects, and we'd recommend that doing things outside of process first receives the endorsement of somebody with appropriate authority, but when rigidly adhering to process means that you miss a customer delivery deadline that you would otherwise have hit, possibly with financial or reputational implications, that's the time when an experienced and aware project manager will propose the pragmatic approach.Logical Mind-setThe ability to look ahead and logically fit together the pieces of a complex implementation is of great value to a project manager. A bigger picture view and understanding of dependencies and why certain activities need to be sequential makes project planning a lot easier and significantly increases the likelihood that a plan is accurate and effective. Some of the best technical and innovative minds, the types of individual that are key to delivering technology, are hopelessly devoid of organization and methodical thinking. The project manager has to bring the logical outlook that pulls it all together, and a strong project manager will have the confidence to challenge the thinking of the most brilliant engineer if he or she is failing to look beyond their own small area of the overall implementation.CommunicationNo surprises here. Most project managers would list communication as one of the most important aspects of project management. Indeed, most project management methodologies dedicate specific coverage to communication and the Comms Plan. How and to whom a project manager communicates is vitally important. All projects should set out at the outset how they will formally report progress, risk ; issues, exceptions and escalations. This is the formal part. In addition to this, a good project manager will make sure that key stake holders always have just enough information but not too much and are never caught in a position where the first they know of an issue or problem is when the customer escalates it to them. Different stakeholders like different approaches and the project manager needs to quickly establish how best to communicate informally with stakeholders, be it email, phone, walking over to their desk, or a chat at the coffee machine. An important point made verbally is always best followed up in writing.RelationshipsGood relationships go a long way when trying to achieve project success. The project manager who invests time into building relationships with key players will find themselves well positioned when the pressure is on and it's necessary to ask more of the project team, or when relationships with clients become strained due to delivery challenges. Ten minutes invested in providing counsel to a frustrated engineer, showing some empathy and letting him get a few gripes off his chest, can pay dividends when you need that same engineer to work late on a Friday night to get an installation finished. It's not just relationships with key contributors in the project team that are important. Forming a strong relationship with a delivery counterpart within the client's organization is also important. When you're both in front of the customer's programme sponsor at the monthly steering board and the meeting isn't going well due to challenges or delays on the project, you'd rather be side by side and aligned with your client counterpart, who reports into that programme sponsor, than be the individual who gets hung out to try and made a scapegoat.Political AwarenessMany a talented project manager has fallen down or been made the scapegoat for project failure because they didn't get to grips with the politics of either their own organization or that of the customer. A good understanding of when to speak, when to just keep your head down and listen, who to trust, who to be wary of, who you must keep on the right side of and where the real power and authority resides will all increase a project manager's chance of success. Let's be completely honest, sometimes a project is just going to fail, regardless of who the project manager is. A project manager who can navigate the political landscape (as well as having a lot of the other traits we list here) will emerge from a challenged project with their reputation intact, possibly even enhanced. A project manager who neglects this area runs the risk of being made the fall-guy and going down with the sinking ship. Some of this only comes with experience, and there are very few project and programme managers who would honestly tell you that they hadn't been burnt by organizational politics at some stage in their career.AuthoritativeAnother area that sometimes only comes with experience, but being authoritative, or at least giving the impression of being calm and in control, even when you haven't got all of the answers, will inspire calm and confidence in stakeholders and project team members. Nothing erodes customer confidence or encourages an angry client to go for the jugular like a project manager who mutters his way through an update or shows uncertainty and hesitation when answering a difficult question.Inclination to question and challengeThe project manager who takes everyone and everything at face value runs the risk of having the wool pulled over their eyes. Of course , delegation is a key aspect of project management and whilst having overall accountability, the project manager cannot take responsibility for everything. But as a project manager, the ability to quickly identify the right questions to ask, who and when to challenge, and who and when you can trust is another key trait. As a Project Manager, you never want to be in a position where your senior stakeholder or customer is asking the questions that you should have asked yourself or is asking you questions that you can't answer because you haven't asked the right questions of your team.Delegate but keep controlThere is a place, on small, simple, projects for the â€Å"player manager† to use sporting parlance, the individual who does some basic project management as well as being responsible for actually carrying out some of the actions. Similarly, its sometimes valuable when a project finds itself in â€Å"all hands-on deck† mode if the project manager can roll up his sleeve and start crawling under desks to trace cables, deploy handsets or drive a piece of kit from one site to another. However, typically a project manager can't afford to be in the detail of configuring equipment, taking part in the physical installations or touching kit. A project manager incapable of staying out of the weeds will eventually fall foul of this because they will neglect the true project management responsibilities and tasks that they should be carrying out. A project manager needs to establish the governance and rules with project team members in terms of what they need to be made aware of and what they are happy to delegate and leave in the hands of the project resource who owns the action.ExperienceUnfortunately for any new project managers on the block, the reality is that the big jobs normally go to project managers who have been around the block a few times. Not what you want to hear when you're trying to break into project management but, arguably more so than in a lot of other disciplines, the best project managers have normally been doing it for a while. An installation technician can leave the training lab knowing all they need to know about how to physically rack and stack kit and connect it to the network. An engineer can attend a training course on how to configure a switch or router. Individuals with the appropriate training can be immediately effective in these types or roles, even if they have little or no real-world experience. Clearly there are enough project managers around to demonstrate that a lack of experience isn't an absolute barrier to entry but if we're talking about the best project managers, those who are entrusted with the complex projects and the high-profile clients, experience plays a major part. With experience, all of the other traits on this list are likely to be developed and enhanced to a higher level. When a challenge arises, the experienced project manager who has seen the same or similar situations before is more likely to have learned the lessons and gained first-hand knowledge of what will work and what won't work. Sadly, for those looking to enter project management and go straight to the top of the pile, you can't teach experience.

Friday, January 10, 2020

Cultural Diversity in the Healthcare Field

Cultural Diversity in the Healthcare field The Many Faces of Healthcare Cultural Diversity in the Healthcare Field Carl Hooks Rasmussen College Author Note This research is being submitted on September 16, 2010, for Vicky Philips English class at Rasmussen College by Carl Hooks Cultural diversity in the medical field is, at times, greatly hindered because of religious beliefs, language barriers, and the hierarchies of diverse cultures and these have the propensity to affect the continuity of care for the patients. â€Å"Every person has different aspects that constitute their identities, according to how they see themselves†¦.This means that seeing an individual in terms of their identity can be unproductive. † (Weaver, 2009). Nursing personnel, in particular, have to take into consideration any and all cultural differences between the patient and the nursing staff. These differences vary in as many ways as there are different ethnic groups in any particular area. Religio us beliefs can hinder the nursing care of patients. There are many different religious beliefs in as many different religions. The religious belief most common in the United States, of course, is the Jehovah Witness who refuses transfusions.This religion has a strong belief in preserving the soul before the body. Other religions have other beliefs that we may not understand, but need to respect and try to work around to care for the patient. â€Å"If people believe it is God who confers both health and illness, it may be very difficult to get them to take their medication or change their behavior†¦. they would see no point worrying about high blood pressure or bacteria when moral behavior is the key to good health. † (Galanti, 2001). This kind of belief will impede the medical staff and their approach to a medical cure.Whenever possible, staff should attempt of incorporate both religious beliefs and medicine to care for the patient. For the most part (miracles do happen) , religious beliefs can delay the care and health of the patient, and leaves the health professionals with a huge dilemma about what to do, and greatly delays the healing process. To understand how religion plays a role in the care given to the patient is to give better care for our patients. Consequently, the vast majority of people do believe in some sort of religion, whether it is God or some other higher power. Cultural factors stemming from religious beliefs and practices can have an intense impact on health. † (Abdoul and Abdoul, 2010). There may come a time when the medical staff has to provide a towel (prayer matt) and a quiet place to pray to a culture that does not consider the common hospital chapel an appropriate place to pray.In some religious, â€Å"It is commonly believed that illness is sent from God as retribution for sins since God is viewed as the afflicter as well as healer. † (Abdoul and Abloul,2010). Food also plays a big part in some religions whi ch go beyond the traditional Jewish mother’s chicken soup. †¦. it is important to know that religious beliefs and practices can influence food choice, as there may be individuals within a group that observe strict dietary requirements. † (Black, 2010). All religious back grounds should be taken into consideration and, whenever possible, be provided for, and this will aid in promoting effective health care. Language barriers pose great difficulties when communicating with patients. It is imperative that both patient and nursing staff understand exactly what is being said. For this reason an appropriate trained or certified interpreter should be utilized whenever possible.Health care workers are experiencing more language difficulties than ever before. â€Å"Fully 54 million Americans†¦. roughly 20 percent of the population†¦. do not speak English at home. † (Armand and Hubbard,2010). With the exception of California, Texas, and Florida, which have o ver 43 percent of the population, that are classified LEP (limited English proficient). The interpreter should be trained to interpret on the patients behalf. Family members, at times, can be of great assistance, but then HIPPA comes into play.The patient may not want a particular family member to know about their health problems. The language barrier does inhibit sufficient care, and this should be addressed with the utmost of care and consideration for both the medical staff and patient. Insuring that the patient fully understands what is being done to them is of great importance. As patients, they have the right to understand what is being done and why. Informed consent must be given; the patient should be able to repeat what they have been informed of before the procedure is done. Currently â€Å"only 33 percent of U.S. hospitals have quality improvement efforts underway to improve the quality of their language access programs. † (Armand and Hubbard, 2010). The goal of th e interpreter is to assure that the LEP patient has no doubts or concerns and totally understands what is going to happen, why, and any options they may have. Understanding the hierarchy of the family is imperative in understanding the functions of the family unit. With some familiarity with the different cultures in a given community, a medical professional will be able to ascertain who the head of the household is.The head of the household differs from culture to culture, as such, â€Å"misunderstandings which include but are not limited to the involvement of the male in all aspects of health care for his wife and children; the assimilation of children into all aspects of life; female humility; the subordinate status of women; and the strong emphasis on traditional female role. (Abdoul and Abdoul, 2010). By defining who the head of the household is and giving them the respect they deserve will be paramount in a speedy recovery for the patient.As the head of the household is ident ified, it is very important that they are included in all of the decisions made on behalf of the patient. If and when the controlling person is not readily available, all efforts should be exercised to contact that person. In rare life threatening conditions should medical personnel proceed without that persons consent, the head of the household should be given adequate time to discuss procedures with the patient should they require this. His/her decision should be respected when they decide what is appropriate for their family member.Given the most pertinent information and options, the family can then make an informed decision and the respect of the hierarchy of the family has not been compromised. All diversities should be taken into consideration when caring for a patient. By understanding what importance the patient puts on their culture, the medical staff can better serve the patient. â€Å"Hospitals can be a source of stress and frustration for patients and their families, s ince they are most vulnerable when they are there and are placed at the mercy of values and beliefs not of their own. † (Galanti, 2001).Making a patient aware that medical staff understands and will do all that is possible to adhere to their cultural differences can only aid in providing the best health care possible. A care plan is always done for patients when they are admitted to the hospital. While formulating a care plan, the nurse should always consider and provide for the cultural differences of the individual. The care plan should be reviewed by all staff that participates in the care of the patient. The care plan should be discussed with the patient and family to assure that all aspects of their cultural practices have been addressed.If this is not done, then the patient’s outcome can be greatly hampered. Cultural diversity in the medical field, at times, can be greatly hindered because of religious beliefs, language barriers, and the hierarchy of diverse cultu res, and these have the propensity to affect the continuity of care for the patient. All aspects need to be considered to assure that the most efficient care be given on behalf of the patient.References ABOUL-ENEIN, B. , & AHOUL-ENEIN, F. (2010). THE CULTURAL GAP DELIVERING HEALTH CARE SERVICES TO ARAB AMERICAN POPULATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 17(1), 20-23. Retrieved from Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition database Armada, A. , & Hubbard, M. (2010). Diversity in Healthcare: Time to Get REAL!. Frontiers of Health Services Management, 26(3), 3-17. Retrieved from EBSCO MegaFILE database. Black, P. (2010). Cultural and religious beliefs in stoma care nursing. British Journal of Healthcare Assistants, 4(4), 184-188. Retrieved from CINAHL Plus with Full Text database. Weaver, D. (2009). Respect the diversity and difference of individuals. Nursing & Residential Care, 11(12), 590-593. Retrieved from CINAHL Plus with Full Text database.